United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


Entry_ID: GCRIO 235 GCRIO_Inventory: 10 Entry_Title: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Document_Author: None Agency_Name: UNEP/WMO Information Unit on Climate Change(IUCC) Start_Date: None
Group: Summary
Audience_Interest_Guide: General Interest
Audience_Interest_Guide: Libraries
Audience_Interest_Guide: Research Community
Audience_Interest_Guide: Government
Audience_Interest_Guide: Education
Audience_Interest_Guide: Science Institutes

During the 1980s, scientific evidence about the possibility of global
climate change led to growing public concern. By 1990, a series of
international conferences had issued urgent calls for a global treaty to
address the problem. The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)
and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) responded by
establishing an intergovernmental working group to prepare for treaty
negotiations. Rapid progress was made, in part because of work by the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and by meetings such as
the 1990 Second World Climate Conference.

In response to the working group's proposal, the United Nations General
Assembly at its 1990 session set up the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee for a Framework Convention on Climate Change (INC/FCCC). The
INC/FCCC was given a mandate to draft a framework convention and any
related legal instruments it considered necessary. Negotiators from
over 150 States met during five sessions between February 1991 and May
1992. They adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change on 9 May 1992 at UN Headquarters in New York. The original of
this Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian
and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.(This booklet contains the text
of that convention in English. Spanish edition is entitled, Convencion
Marco de las Naciones Unidas Sobre El Cambio Climatico.)

Soon after, at the June 1992 United Nations Conference on environment
and Development (known as the Rio "Earth Summit"), the Convention
received 155 signatures. Other States have since signed, and a growing
number have ratified. The Convention will enter into force 90 days
after the 50th ratification. The first session of the Conference of the
Parties must then be convened within the following year. This meeting
of all ratifying States will be hosted by Germany, possibly in early
1995. The INC/FCCC, which is continuing with important preparatory
work, will then be dissolved and the Conference of the Parties will take
over responsibility for the lengthy process of implementing the
Convention.

End_Group
Group: Data_Center
Data_Center_Name: Information Unit on Climate Change
Dataset_ID: Same as Entry_Title
Group: Data_Center_Contact
Last_Name: None
First_Name: None
Email: IUCC@gn.apc.org
Phone: None
Fax: (41-22) 797 3464
Group: Address
c/o UNEP C.P. 356
1219 Chatelaine
Geneva,
End_Group
End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center_2
Data_Center_Name: Climate Change Secretariat
Dataset_ID: Same as Entry_Title
Group: Data_Center_Contact
Last_Name: None
First_Name: None
Email: None
Phone: None
Fax: (41-22) 788 3823
Group: Address_2
Palais des Nations
1211 Geneva 10,
End_Group
End_Group
End_Group
Storage_Medium: 29 pages of printed matter
Parameter: None
Discipline: Physical Sciences > Earth Science > Atmosphere
Discipline: Physical Sciences > Earth Science > Land
Discipline: Physical Sciences > Earth Science > Interior and Crust
Discipline: Physical Sciences > Earth Science > Ocean
Discipline: Physical Sciences > Earth Science > Freshwater
Discipline: Physical Sciences > Climatology
Discipline: Multidisciplinary Sciences > International Relations
Discipline: Life Sciences > Environmental Science
Location: Global
Keyword: treaty
Keyword: INC/FCCC>Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a
Framework Convention on Climate Change
Keyword: ratification
Keyword: signatures
Keyword: greenhouse gases
Keyword: terrestrial ecosystems
Keyword: marine ecosystem
Keyword: climate change
Keyword: greenhouse effect
Keyword: energy efficiency
Keyword: gas emissions
Keyword: sink
Keyword: reservoir