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Updated 1 December, 2004

Global Change Acronyms and Abbreviations


The table below is a list of global change acronyms and abbreviations gathered by GCRIO from the FY 1995 through FY 2001 editions of Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Global Change Research Program, The U.S. Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS) Implementation Plan and other sources.

Other global change and environmental science acronym lists can be found at:

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W

A

AASE

Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition (1991-92)

ACCE

Atlantic Circulation and Climate Experiment

ACCP

Atlantic Climate Change Program

ACRIMSAT

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor

ACVE

Atlantic Climate Variability Experiment

ADC

Affiliated Data Center

ADD

The International Arctic Environment Data Directory

ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observing Satellite

AERI

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer

AFW

Air Force Weather

AIRS

Advanced Infrared Sounder

ALOS

Advanced Land Observation Satellite

AMAP

Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme

AMIP

Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project

AMSR-E

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Organization

APN

Asia-Pacific Network

ARCSS

Arctic System Science

ARGO

Array for Real-time Geostrophic Oceanography

ARM

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program

ASF

Alaska SAR Facility

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

ATLAS

Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science

ATMOS

Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy Experiment

ATOC

Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate

ATS

Antarctic Treaty System

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

B

BAHC

Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle

BAS

British Antarctic Survey

BOREAS

Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study

   

C

CARDS

Comprehensive Aerological Reference Data Set

CCSM

Community Climate System Model

CDDIS

Crustal Dynamics Data Information System

CDEP

Climate Dynamics and Experimental Prediction

CDIAC

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

CEES

Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences (obsolete)

CENR

Committee on Environment and Natural Resources

CEOS

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

CEOS-IDN

CEOS International Directory Network

CEPEX

Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment

CERES

Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System

CFCs

Chlorofluorocarbons

CHAMMP

Computer Hardware, Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics Program

CIESIN

Center for International Earth Sciences Information Network

CIRLA

Cloud Information Reference Archive and Library

CLAES

Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability

CMA

Chinese Meteorological Admininstration

CMAP

Climate Modeling, Analysis and Prediction Program

CMDL

NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory

CMIP

Coupled Model Intercomparison Project

CNES

Centre Nationale d'Etudes Spatiales

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

COADS

Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set

CODATA

Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU)

CSA

Canadian Space Agency

CSL

Climate Simulation Laboratory (at NCAR)

CZCS

Coastal Zone Color Scanner

D

DAAC

NASA Distributed Active Archive Center

DEM

Digital Elevation Model

DIF

Directory Interchange Format

DLG

Digital Line Graph

DMA

Defense Mapping Agency

DMSP

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOC

Department of Commerce

DOD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy

DOI

Department of the Interior

DSS

Data Support Section (NSF)

DTIC

Defense Technical Information Center

E

ECPC

Experimental Climate Prediction Center

EDC

EROS Data Center

EIA

Energy Information Administration

EMAP

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EPA)

ENRICH

European Network for Research in Global Change

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation

ENVISAT

Environmental Satellite

EO-ICWG

Earth Observation International Coordination Working Group

EOS

Earth Observing System

EOSDIS

Earth Observing System Data and Information System

EPA

US Environmental Protection Agency

EROC

Ecological Rates of Change

ERB

Earth Radiation Budget

ERS

European Remote-Sensing Satellite

ESA

European Space Agency

ESnet

Energy Sciences Network

ESSP

Earth System Science Pathfinder Project

EUMETSAT

European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites

F

FACE

Free Air CO2 Enrichment

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization (United Nations)

FCCC

Framework Convention on Climate Change

FGDC

Federal Geographic Data Committee

FIFE

First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project (ISLSCP) Field Experiment

FIPS

Federal Information Processing Standards

FNMOC

Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center

FY

Fiscal Year

G

GAC

Global Area Coverage

GAIM

Global Analysis, Interpretation and Modeling

GCDIS

US Global Change Data and Information System

GCH

Global Change Climate and History

GCIP

GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project

GCM

General Circulation Model

GCMD

Global Change Master Directory

GCOS

Global Climate Observing System

GCSS

GEWEX Cloud System Study

GCRIO

US Global Change Research Information Office

GCTE

Global Change in Terrestrial Ecosystems

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GEMS

Global Environment Monitoring System

GEWEX

Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment

GFDL

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GHCN

Global Historical Climatology Network

GHRC

Global Hydrology Resource Center

GHG

Greenhouse Gas

GILS

Government Information Locator Service

GIS

Geographic Information System

GISS

Goddard Institute for Space Studies

GLIS

Global Land Information System (obsolete)

GLOBE

Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment

GLOBEC

Global Marine Ecosystem Dynamics Program

GLOED

Global Emissions Database

GMS

Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOALS

Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Program

GODAE

Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment

GOES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GOIN

Global Observation Information Network

GOOS

Global Ocean Observing System

GPCP

Global Precipitation Climatology Project

GRACE

Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment

GRID

Global Resource Information Database (UNEP)

GSFC

Goddard Space Flight Center

GTCP

Global Tropospheric Chemistry Program

GTOS

Global Terrestrial Observing System

GVaP

GEWEX Water Vapor Project

GWP

Global Warming Potential

   

H

HALOE

Halogen Occultation Experiment (satellite instrument)

HCFCs

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons

HDP-DIS

Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme Data and Information System

HFCs

Hydrofluorocarbons

HPCC

High Performance Computing and Communications

HSB

Humidity Sounder for Brazil

I

IAI

Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research

IASC

International Arctic Sciences Committee

ICES

International Council for the Exploration of the Seas

ICESat

Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite

ICPSR

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research

ICSU

International Council of Scientific Unions

IDN

International Directory Network

IEOS

International Earth Observing System

IGAC

International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project

IGBP

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

IGBP-DIS

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Data and Information System

IGFA

International Group of Funding Agencies

IGOS

Integrated Global Observing Strategy

IHDP

International Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme

IHP

International Hydrological Programme

IIASA

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

INDOEX

Indian Ocean Experiment

INPE

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (Brazilian Space Agency)

IOC

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

IODE

International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRI

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction

ISAMS

Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder

ISCCP

International Satellite Cloud Climate Project

ISLSCP

International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project

ITCZ

Intertropical Convergence Zone

IUGG

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics

IWGDMGC

Interagency Working Group on Data Management for Global Change (obsolete)

J

JERS-1

Japan's Earth Resources Satellite

JGOFS

Joint Global Ocean Flux Study

JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA)

   

L

LaRC

Langley Research Center (NASA)

LBA

Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia

LITE

Lidar-in-space Technology Experiment

LOICZ

Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone

LMER

Land Margins Ecosystem Research

LTER

Long-Term Ecological Research

LUCC

Land- Use and Land-Cover Change

   

M

MAB

Man And the Biosphere Program

MAPSS

Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System 

MECCA

Model Evaluation Consortium for Climate Assessment

MEDIAS

MEDIterranean and Subtropical Africa

METOP

Meteorological Operation (satellite)

MISR

Multi-angle Imaging Spectrometer

MITI

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

MLS

Microwave Limb Sounder

MMIA

Methods and Models for Integrated Assessment (NSF Program)

MOC

Meridional Overturning Circulation

MODIS

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer

MOPITT

Measurement of Pollutants in the Troposphere

MSFC

Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA)

MSU

Microwave Sounding Unit

N

NADW

North Atlantic Deep Water

NAL

National Agricultural Library

NALC

North American Landscape Characterization

NAO

North Atlantic Oscillation

NARA

National Archive and Records Administration

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASDA

National Space Development Agency (Japan)

NBII

National Biological Information Infrastructure

NBS

National Biological Service

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCDC

National Climatic Data Center

NCEP

National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NCSA

National Center for Supercomputer Applications

NDSC

Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change

NEDRES

National Environmental Data Referral Service

NEIC

National Energy Information Center

NESC

National Environmental Supercomputing Center

NESDIS

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

NEXRAD

Next Generation Weather Radar

NGDC

National Geophysical Data Center

NIGEC

National Institute for Global Environmental Change

NII

National Information Infrastructure

NIMA

National Imagery and Mapping Agency

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Service

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOAADIR

NOAA Environmental Services Data Directory

NODC

National Oceanographic Data Center

NODIS

NSSDC Online Data and Information System (no longer operational)

NOS

National Ocean Service

NPOESS

National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NRC

National Research Council

NRCSM

Natural Resources Conservation Service

NREN

National Research and Education Network (NASA)

NSCAT

NASA Scatterometer

NSDI

National Spatial Data Infrastructure

NSF

National Science Foundation

NSIDC

National Snow and Ice Data Center

NSSDC

National Space Science Data Center

NSTC

National Science and Technology Council

NTIS

National Technical Information Service

O

OACES

Ocean-Atmosphere Carbon Exchange Study

ODP

Ozone Depletion Potential

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OES

Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (US State Department)

OGCM

Ocean General Circulation Model

OMB

Office of Management and Budget

ONR

Office of Naval Research

ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

OSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information

OSTP

Office of Science and Technology Policy

OTA

Office of Technology Assessment (no longer exists)

OTTER

Oregon Transect Ecosystem Research

P

PAGES

Past Global Changes Program

PCMDI

Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison

PDO

Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PER

Program for Ecosystem Research

PFCs

Perfluorinated hydrocarbons

PIBAL

Pilot Balloon

PICES

North Pacific Marine Science Organization

PMEL

Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (NOAA)

PMIP

Paleoclimatic Model Intercomparison Project

POAM

Polar Ozone Aerosol Monitor

POEM

Polar-Orbit Earth Observation Mission

PNA

Pacific North American Teleconnection

ppmv

Parts Per Million by Volume

pptv

Parts Per Trillion by Volume

PROBE

Pilot Radiation Observation Experiment

PSC

Polar Stratospheric Cloud

PUMS

Public Use Microdata Samples

   

Q

QBO

Quasi-biennial Oscillation

QuikSCAT

Quick Scatterometer

R

RIC

Regional Information Centre (IGBP)

RIDGE

Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiments

RTNEPH

Real Time Nephanalysis

   

S

SAA

Satellite Active Archive

SAGE

Stratospheric Aerosol Gas Experiment (satellite instrument)

SAM

Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement (satellite instrument)

SAMS

Surface Automated Meteorological Systems

SAR

Synthetic Aperture Radar

SBUV

Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (satellite instrument)

SCAR

Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

SCAR-B

Smoke, Clouds, and Radiation-Brazil

SCOPE

Scientific Committee On Problems of the Environment

SCOR

Scientific Committee On Oceanic Research

SCS

Soil Conservation Service

SCSMEX

South China Sea Monsoon Experiment

SDSD

Satellite Data Services Division

SDTS

Spatial Data Transfer Standard

SeaWiFS

Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor

SEDAC

Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center

SERDP

Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program

SGCR

Subcommittee on Global Change Research

SIP

Solar Influences Program

SIR-C

Shuttle Imaging Radar-C

SOHO

Solar Heliospheric Observatory

SPADE

Stratospheric Photochemistry, Aerosols, and Dynamics Expedition

SPARC

Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate

SPAS

Shuttle Pallet Satellite

SPOT

Systeme pour l'Observation de la terre

SRB

Surface Radiation Budget

SRL

Space Radar Laboratory

SSBUV

Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet

SRTM

Shuttle Radar Topography Mission

SSM/I

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SST

Sea Surface Temperature

STA

Science and Technology Agency of Japan

START

Global Change SysTem for Analysis, Research and Training

STD

Salinity/Temperature/Depth

SURFRAD

Surface Radiation Budget Network

   

T

TAO

Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (observing system)

TECO

Terrestrial Ecological Research Initiative

TERRA

Terrestrial Ecosystem Regional Research and Analysis Laboratory

TFODM

Task Force on Observations and Data Management (obsolete)

TOGA

Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Experiment

TOGA/COARE

TOGA/Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment

TOMS

Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer

TOPEX/Poseidon

Ocean Topography Experiment

TOVS

Tiros Operational Vertical Sounder

TRMM

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

U

UARS

Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite

UCAR

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

UN

United Nations

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNIDATA

University Data System

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

USGCRP

United States Global Change Change Research Program

USGS

United States Geological Survey

USMARC

United States Machine Readable Cataloging

UV

Ultraviolet radiation (including UV-A and UV-B)

UV-B

Ultraviolet-B

V

VAMOS

Variability of the American Monsoon System

VENTS

A NOAA Program on Mid-Ocean Ridges

W

WCP

World Climate Programme

WCRP

World Climate Research Programme

WDC

World Data Center

WEAVE

Water and Energy: Atmospheric, Vegetative, and Earth Interactions (NSF Program)

WEBB

Water, Energy, and Biogeochemical Budget (USGS Program)

WHO

World Health Organization

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WOCE

World Ocean Circulation Experiment

 

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