February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1989
"The Arctic: A Key to World Climate," P.H. Abelson, Science,
243(4893), 873, Feb. 17, 1989.
Changes in the arctic atmosphere, ocean, sea ice and permafrost are early
precursors to climate change elsewhere; support for research on the past,
present and future of the arctic climate have top priority.
"How to Fix the Clouds in Greenhouse Models," R.A. Kerr, ibid.,
243(4887), 28-29, Jan. 6, 1989.
Climate models are moving toward the realistic simulation of clouds needed
to calculate the extent of greenhouse warming. Preliminary studies using ERBE
results show that clouds reduce absorption of incoming solar radiation,
producing a net reduction in radiative heating, and play a major role in the
present climate. Clouds that change with changing climate create feedbacks
affecting climate and must be incorporated in models if they are to be
"The Greenhouse Effect and Electric Utilities," C.M. Studness,
Public Util. Fortnightly, 122(13), 37-38, Dec. 22, 1988.
Because of the limited potential of conservation, the key to limiting the
greenhouse effect lies in substituting alternate energy sources for fossil fuels
to produce electricity. Maintains that the greenhouse effect will increase
electric demand through an increase in temperature and through policy measures
adopted to fight it.
"Nuclear Gasification of Coal for Control of Carbon Dioxide
Emissions," L. Green Jr., ibid., 122(11), 13-18, Nov. 24,
Constraints on the use of fossil fuels is an obvious measure for limiting
carbon dioxide emissions. Allothermal gasification may be the ultimate clean
coal technology and could play an essential role in the control of emissions. A
combination of fossil, nuclear, and solar sources could constitute a sustainable
energy system capable of controlling net carbon dioxide emissions to the degree
required to mitigate climatic warming.
"Nuclear Energy in Our Future," H.H. Hennies
(Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe G.m.b.H., FRG), Schweiz. ver Atomenerg.
Bull., 30(15), 33-40, Sep. 1988. In German.
Maintains that nuclear energy for electricity generation will extend its
market portion in Europe in the coming decade because of advantages over fossil
fuels, improvements in safety facilities, energy-saving effects and solar energy
will not provide large-scale alternatives, and radioactive waste disposal will
be solved. Nuclear energy will also play a major role in the heating market.
"Can an Elaborate Illusion Make Nuclear Power Reappear?" Business
Soc. Rev., No. 66, 58-60, Summer 1988.
The nuclear industry is exploiting global warming as an opportunity to
revive support for nuclear reactors. Already three major global warming bills
have been introduced in the U.S. Senate that would create support for nuclear
power plants. Suggests that investing heavily in nuclear power could actually
make the global warming problem worse by diverting funds from promising options
that are cleaner, safer and more socially acceptable: renewable energy
technologies, passive solar technologies and cogeneration.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations