February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1989
"Can Plankton Control Climate?" T. Slingo (NCAR, POB 3000,
Boulder CO 80307), Nature, 336(6198), p. 421., Dec. 1988.
Explains suggestion that oceanic plankton and dimethylsulfide emissions
could influence the climate in a feedback mechanism on cloud reflectivity.
Schwartz (see PROF. PUBS./GEN. INTEREST, this Global Climate Change Digest
issue--Feb. 1989) reports that a search for similar climate effects from
man-made sulfur dioxide showed no such influence. Despite these null results for
the only testable version of the Gaia hypothesis thus far, such work is
important as a stimulus to work on the links between biological systems,
atmospheric chemistry, cloud physics and climate.
"Environmental Challenges: More Government or Better Governance?"
N. Myers (Upper Meadow, Old. Rd., Headington, Oxford OX3 8SZ, UK), Ambio,
17(6), 411-414, Dec. 1988.
Proposes that management of the world community needs innovative approaches.
Suggests that private enterprise can play an important role, as can
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). A network of various sectoral and
functional organizations can provide a higher degree of self-regulating
stability than any global super-agency.
"Carbon Dioxide and Climate in the Vostok Ice Core," S.B. Idso
(U.S. Water Conserv. Lab., 4331 E. Broadway Rd., Phoenix AZ 85040), Atmos.
Environ., 22(10), 2341-2342, Oct. 1988.
Analyses of the CO2, temperature and dust characteristics of the ice core,
along with analyses of marine phytoplanktonic growth rates, suggest that the
concentration of atmospheric CO2 has not been the driving climate mechanism of
the waxing and waning of past ice ages. In fact analyses suggest that ice age
climate reduces atmospheric CO2 levels, not vice versa.
"The Greenhouse Effect and the U.S. Summer of 1988: Cause and Effect
or a Media Event?" S.S. Schneider (NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), Climatic
Change, 13(2), 113-115, Oct. 1988.
In an editorial, Schneider explains the double ethical bind of effectively
communicating to the public the complicated issue of detection of a greenhouse
effect signal in a noisy climatic record, while being honest about the proof of
climatic change. Welcomes succinct explanations and familiar images that the
media can use to maintain public interest in global climate change.
"Healthy Forests, Healthy World," R.E. Train (World Wildlife
Fund, 1250 24th St. NW, Washington DC 20037), J. Soil & Water Conserv.,
43(6), 438-439, Nov.-Dec. 1988.
Calls for a global climate convention on forest conservation and management
to end destructive subsidies and development practices, target development aid
for forest maintenance and restoration, commit nations to maintenance of
biological diversity, and launch a global reforestation effort. Maintains that
healthy forests are essential to the survival of life.
"Does the Antarctic Ozone Hole Have a Future?" S.F. Singer
(U.S. Dept. Transportation), Eos, p. 1588, Nov. 22, 1988.
Suggests that the trigger for the Antarctic ozone hole was a gradual cooling
of the stratosphere, possibly due to general climate fluctuations, providing the
necessary ice particles for polar stratospheric cloud formation which led to
ozone depletion. With further stratospheric cooling through global warming, the
policy implication is that the hole would not be much affected by further slow
increases of atmospheric CFC, nor could it be removed by decreasing CFC.
"Design of Thames Barrier," M. Beran (Inst. Hydrology,
Wallingford OX10 8BB, UK), Nature, 336(6195), 104, Nov. 10,
Reviews the original barrier design calculations made as part of a recent
study of Thames estuary defenses. Concludes that the greenhouse effect was not
explicitly considered but that aggregate influences on sea level were.
"Climate Change, Economic Growth and Energy Policy: A Recommended
U.S. Strategy for the Coming Decades," A.D. Hecht (Nat. Climate Prog.,
NOAA, 11400 Rockville Pike, Rockville MD 20852), B.R. Döös,
Climate Change, 13(1), 1-3, Aug. 1988.
In this editorial: the authors push for a clear national energy policy to
deal with energy and climate change; consider economic and political responses;
educate the public and international community on potential trade-offs; and
initiate active dialogue between environmental groups, federal agencies and the
energy and industrial community on how best to respond to future climatic
changes. Proposes expanded research and monitoring of climatic change,
establishment of United Nations educational forums in all regions of the world,
and formulation of a long-term U.S. national energy policy built on increased
energy efficiency and application of alternate energy sources.
"Climate Change in Fact and in Theory: Are We Collecting the Facts?"
T.R. Karl (NOAA-NESDIS, Fed. Bldg., Asheville NC 28801), R.G. Quayle, ibid.,
For the past 100 years, a mostly volunteer group of weather observers has
formed the backbone of the U.S. National Weather Service Cooperative Network.
With some changes in operation, it could become even more valuable in monitoring
for climatic change. A similar worldwide network could provide comprehensive
study of climate change in the detail necessary to form practical local-scale
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations