February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1989
FROM WORLDWATCH INSTITUTE
Order the following from Worldwatch Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Ave. NW,
Washington DC 20036 (202-452-1999).
State of the World--1988, L.R. Brown et al., 237 pp., 1988. (Also
available through W.W. Norton Co., 37 Great Russell St., London WC1B 3NU, UK.)
This fifth in a series of annual assessments by the Institute, also
available in several languages besides English, discusses chemical alteration of
the atmosphere and resulting climate change as one of several urgent
environmental problems. The first chapter assesses Earth's status with respect
to climatic change, degradation of land, water and ecosystems, acid
precipitation effects, and destructive energy policies. Other chapters by
individual authors cover creating a sustainable energy future, raising energy
efficiency, renewable energy, reforestation and other topics. Recommendations
are given for stabilizing the earth's climate, sustainable development,
conserving soil and planting trees. Calls for a new era of international
cooperation on environmental problems, comparable to that of World War II
reconstruction. Contains extensive reference notes.
Protecting Life on Earth: Steps to Save the Ozone Layer
(Worldwatch Paper 87), C.P. Shea, 46 pp., Dec. 1988.
Reviews current understanding of stratospheric ozone depletion and its
effects on ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth, and calls for a severe
reduction of ozone-depleting chemical emissions, including those not covered by
the Montreal Protocol (methyl chloroform, carbon tetrachloride). Without these
measures 5-20% more ultraviolet radiation will reach populated areas in the next
40 years, increasing human skin cancers and cataracts, inhibiting the human
immune system, and reducing agricultural production and fish populations.
Possible substitutes for such chemicals are reviewed, but action will take
international political will, and industrial countries must share research and
technology with developing ones.
Environmental Refugees: A Yardstick of Habitability (Worldwatch
Paper 86), J.L. Jacobson, 46 pp., Dec. 1988.
Environmental refugees, estimated to be in excess of 10 million, are the
single largest class of displaced persons in the world today, and their rising
numbers are the best available single indicator of changes in the earth's
physical condition. Degradation of agricultural land is the major cause, but the
potential effects of sea level rise from global climate change are enormous. A
one-meter rise could result in 50 million refugees from various countries,
especially when combined with land subsidence in the productive and densely
populated river deltas of Egypt and Bangladesh.
Action at the Grassroots: Fighting Poverty and Environmental Decline
(Worldwatch Paper 88), A.B. Durning, 70 pp., Jan. 1988.
Discusses the steady development of local self-help and environmental
movements that now involve hundreds of millions around the world in developed
and undeveloped countries. National and international institutions must
complement local action if grassroots efforts are to successfully resolve global
problems such as global warming. Fundamental reforms in international
development agencies such as the World Bank would help foster grassroots
activities and increase the effectiveness of funds. Examples from various
countries are described.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations