February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1989
Climate Alert, 1(4), Winter 1988, 8 pp. (Published by
Climate Institute; see NEWS, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--Jan.
Includes articles on activities of nations around the world on climate
concerns, steps taken by Brazil to slow rain forest destruction, the draft EPA
report on effects of global warming, future Institute conferences, and a
calendar of events.
Atmosphere, 1(3), Fall 1988, 12 pp. (Published by Friends
of the Earth International, 530 7th St. SE, Washington DC 20003.)
Published quarterly with information on ozone protection. This issue
contains items on the Montreal Protocol, the Antarctic ozone hole, CFC
industries, actions of various countries, and environmental advocate
"Crusader on the Beach," B.L. Collier, New York Times Mag.,
64-79, Dec. 4, 1988.
Reviews the career of marine geologist Orrin H. Pilkey Jr. of Duke
University who has studied beach erosion and the influence of structures on
erosion. He believes that sea level is rising steadily due to the greenhouse
effect and will inundate low-lying islands and threaten shoreline settlements.
Pilkey's philosophy is that shorelines migrate, and that beach erosion is a
common event, not a natural disaster.
"Doing Something About the Weather," S.H. Schneider, World
Monitor, 1(3), 28-37, Dec. 1988.
Stephen Schneider, climatologist at the National Center for Atmospheric
Research, presents his approach to controlling climate. Maintains that, the
longer we wait to establish scientific certainty that the greenhouse effect has
arrived, the greater the dose of climate change the world will have to adapt to
over many more generations. Making America more energy efficient and ultimately
more economically competitive is a good strategic policy regardless of climate
change forecasts. Urges action now.
"Demystifying the Tropics," A.K. Biswas, Development Forum,
16(6), 1, 14, Nov.-Dec. 1988. (Published by U.N. Dept. Public Info.)
This article, by the president of the International Society of Ecological
Modeling, is based on a UNEP-sponsored book Climate and Development. It
provides insights on the ways in which climate fosters or inhibits developmental
progress. Explains that our knowledge of the nature and distribution of tropical
rainfall and temperature, tropical soil taxonomy and tropical species is
limited. Without more information to develop alternatives to climate change, it
is not possible to develop sustainable, productive systems in the tropics that
are appropriate to specific regions and conditions.
Wilson Quarterly, 12(5), Winter 1988.
"Climatology," D. Morgan, 101-116. Presents a historic perspective
of human fascination with climate and explanations of climate change. Discusses
the rise of the science of climatology this century with its many interacting
variables and disciplines. Notes that the discoveries of Willard Libby, inventor
of radiocarbon dating, and Harold Urey, creator of isotope analysis, greatly
"Coping with Change," S. Lagerfeld, 117-128. Presents an overview
of possible climate changes worldwide due to increased CO2 production and
increased greenhouse effect. Particularly notes the ability of farmers in North
America to respond to normal weather fluctuations as an ability to cope with
moderate warming. However, if we do not restrain the output of CO2 and other
greenhouse gases, global temperatures could climb by nine degrees, beyond the
range of coping.
"Climate--Background Books," 129-131. Synopsis of 16 books
providing a scholarly overview of climate history and theories.
"The Heat is On," C. Flavin, WorldWatch, 1(6),
10-20, Nov.-Dec. 1988. (Published by Worldwatch Institute.)
The author quotes respected scientists in emphasizing that global warming is
here and is going to get worse. Presents and critiques present U.S. legislation
on global warming. Maintains that international action may have to precede
rather than follow national actions to control climate. An international fund to
invest in energy efficiency and reforestation, paid for by a tax on fossil fuel
consumption, is a possible solution.
"Growing Food in a Warmer World," L.R. Brown, J.E. Young, ibid.,
Suggests weather events of the last two years show the time has come to
rethink international grain reserve policies. Ensuring an adequate level of
grain stocks requires taking into account not only year-to-year variations in
the weather but also short-term variations and the uncertain effects of rising
temperatures. If the international community is not able to cooperate to reduce
the sources of greenhouse gases responsible for the warming, food security could
replace military security as the dominant issue of the nineties and beyond.
"Holes Emerge in Ozone Treaty," C.P. Shea, ibid.,
Analysts at the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) say that
the goal of the Montreal Protocol, to halve worldwide CFC consumption by 1999,
is overly optimistic when the treaty's exemptions and uncertainties are taken
into account. If the protocol's ultimate objective of phasing out all CFC use is
to occur, all nations including developing countries must rapidly step up their
"No Escape from the Global Greenhouse," S. Pain, New
Scientist, 38-43, Nov. 1988.
This article is based on the World Wildlife Fund's Conference on the
Consequences of the Greenhouse Effect for Biological Diversity, held in
Washington, D.C. in October 1988. Discusses the rapidity with which a variety of
habitats could change throughout the world and the likelihood that many species
would either not relocate these habitats or fail to adapt. Among the more
important effects might be the loss of synchrony in migratory species.
Disruption of delicate balances in the Arctic ecosystem could lead to serious
effects there and elsewhere in the world. Conservationists must minimize the
loss of species and habitats in the face of global climatic change.
"Global Hothouse?" J.T. Bohlen, Defenders, 63(6),
9 ff., Nov.-Dec. 1988.
Reviews the World Wildlife Fund Conference described above. Proposals put
forward for immediate national and global action include 1) reduction of at
least 50% in use of fossil fuels and a shift to renewable energy sources, 2)
cooperative research among climatologists and biologists, 3) inclusion of
climate assessments in future conservation plans, 4) a new look at forest
management, and 5) rethinking coastal policies.
"Report on the Greenhouse Effect," M. Brower, Nucleus,
10(3), 1-4, Fall 1988. (Published by Union of Concerned Scientists.)
Physicist Michael Brower reviews the causes of the greenhouse effect. The
Union will concentrate on strategies to improve energy efficiency and utilize
alternate sources to minimize the effect.
Amicus J., 10(4), Fall 1988. (Published by Natural
Resources Defense Council.)
"The E Word," P. Borrelli, p. 2. The publication's editor
concludes that the time has come for the American society to return to
efficiency to tackle the greenhouse problems created mostly by industrialized
"Nowhere to Hide," B. Babbitt, 3-6. The former governor of Arizona
explains the emergence of a new, interdependent world economy. America should
take the lead in a Biosphere Protection Act that integrates trade, aid and debt
policies. Also, proposes a Nobel Prize for environmental science and leadership.
"Global Tomorrow," T.B. Stoel Jr., 21-27. In advice to the
president-elect the director of NRDC's international program and chair of
Project Blueprint calls for an immediate global environmental summit meeting of
world leaders. Project Blueprint has prepared over 500 environmental
recommendations for the new administration. Blueprint summaries can be obtained
from: Publications Dept. G, NRDC, 122 E. 42nd St., New York NY 10168. Postage is
"Fighting the Greenhouse Effect: What Must Be Done," R.A. Kerr,
TransAtlantic Perspectives, 18, 3-5, Autumn 1988. See also Science,
July 1, 1988. (Published by the German Marshall Fund of the United States.)
The Bellagio report, prepared following conferences cosponsored by WMO, UNEP
and the International Council of Scientific Unions, recommends some immediate
responses to the greenhouse threat, many of which can be justified solely on
other grounds. In "The Changing Atmosphere and Global Stewardship," p.
5, Jill Jaeger of the Beijer Institute recommends increased collaboration
between scientists and policymakers to ensure scientific research is directed
toward answering the questions policymakers are likely to ask.
"The Greenhouse Effect," J. Gribbin, New Scientist, "Inside
Science" section, 4 pp., Oct. 22, 1988.
Explains how the greenhouse effect keeps the earth comfortably warm.
Describes University of East Anglia research to determine how weather patterns
would change if the world warms due to enhanced greenhouse effect.
"A Piece of the Sky is Missing," C. Sagan, Parade Mag.,
18-23, Sep. 11, 1988.
Carl Sagan of Cornell University reviews causes of ozone depletion and
effects of increased ultraviolet radiation on all life, especially the vast
quantities of ocean plankton.
WorldWatch, 1(5), Sep.-Oct. 1988.
"Stabilizing Climate," L.R. Brown, p. 2. No country acting on its
own can restore climate stability but we all can shift to climate-sensitive
"A Green Fix to Global Warming," S. Postel, 29-36. The co-author
of "Reforesting the Earth" explains the potential of reforestation for
averting climatic change, based on recent research on the global carbon cycle.
"The Case of the Thinning Ozone," H. Savage, The National
Voter, 9-10, 20, Aug. 1988. (Published by League of Women Voters.)
Sketches the history of knowledge and reaction to ozone layer destruction
from 1974 to present.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations