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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1989

PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS...
GENERAL AND POLICY


Item #d89jan20

"Tropical Deforestation: Some Effects on Atmospheric Chemistry," T.J. Goreau (324 N. Bedford Rd., Chappaqua NY 10514), W.Z. de Mello, Ambio, 17(4), 278-281, 1988.

Fossil-fuel combustion and biomass burning are responsible for increased concentrations of CO2, CH4 and N2O (three atmospheric gases which are major regulators of global temperature and the ozone layer). The amount of CO2 released from soils is ten times greater than from fossil fuel combustion. A stable balance of CO2 can be attained by 1) control of combustion sources, possibly with a tax to pay for removal of CO2 released, and 2) slowing deforestation and increasing productivity of tropical habitats with fertilization and replanting.


Item #d89jan21

"Oceanic Primary Production: Estimation by Remote Sensing at Local and Regional Scales," T. Platt (Bedford Inst. Oceanog., POB 1006, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Can.), S. Sathyendranath, Science, 241(4873), 1613-1616, Sep. 23, 1988.

The major carbon flux in the ocean is due to photosynthesis by photoplankton. This article discusses a method for deriving an estimate of primary production from remotely sensed data on ocean color. The quantity of greatest ecological interest is the primary production per unit area of sea surface.


Item #d89jan22

"The Effects of Future Climatic Changes on International Water Resources: the Colorado River, the United States, and Mexico," P.H. Glieck (Energy & Resour. Grp., Univ. Calif., Berkeley CA 94720), Policy Sci., 21, 23-39, 1988.

Examines the possibility that future long-term climatic changes may exacerbate water shortages in the Colorado River. Evaluates and discusses political conflicts and tensions that arise from reductions in water supply in both the U.S. and Mexico. Makes recommendations for incorporating climatic changes into international water treaties and agreements.


Item #d89jan23

J. Policy Anal. & Mgmt., 7(3), Mar. 1988.

"Scientific Basis for the Greenhouse Effect," G.J. MacDonald (Mitre Corp., McLean, Va.), 425-444.

Detailed analysis of tens of millions of surface-temperature observations indicate an average warming of 2 C in high latitudes. Major climatic shifts can be expected as the warming proceeds at an increasing pace.

"Living in a Warmer World: Challenges for Policy Analysis and Management," I. Mintzer (Energy & Climate Project, World Resour. Inst., 1735 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006), 445-459.

The timing and severity of climatic change impacts will be determined in large measure by policy choices made in the near future and implemented over the next several decades.

"The Greenhouse Effect: What Government Actions Are Needed," L.B. Lave (Econ. Dept., Carnegie Mellon Univ.), 460-470.

The current facts support a program of energy conservation, emission abatement, research, and periodic reconsideration that is far more vigorous than current policy of the U.S. government.

"Policy Analysis, Welfare Economics, and the Greenhouse Effect," P.G. Brown (Sch. Pub. Affairs, Univ. Md., College Park, Md.), 471-475.

Welfare economics is not a suitable tool for formulating policy with respect to the greenhouse effect.

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