February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1989
MONTREAL PROTOCOL REVIEW
The representatives of about 80 nations
met in Helsinki, Finland in early May 1989 and signed a declaration of intent to
strengthen the current terms of the Montreal Protocol, agreeing to ban entirely
(rather than cut to 50 percent) production of five CFCs and three halon gases.
The agreement is not binding, and would only take effect if suitable substitutes
are found. Scientists and environmental representatives presented evidence that
at least two additional compounds, carbon tetrachloride and methyl chloroform,
must also be restricted. This move is now backed by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency, which recently issued a notice of proposed rulemaking on
these two chemicals (Federal Register, vol. 54, p. 15228, Apr. 17, 1989;
or Environ. Rptr., pp. 2677-79, Apr. 21). See the following articles and
the report section in this issue.
"Nations Back Tougher CFC Measures but Decline Setting up Climate Fund,"
Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 225-226, May 1989. A controversial
international funding plan for phasing out chemicals in developing countries was
"International Environmental Community Calls for Strengthened Montreal
Protocol," ibid., p. 228. Seventy-four environmental groups
released a statement calling for: accelerated elimination of ozone-depleting
chemicals by year 2000, and provisions for bringing new CFCs under the Protocol;
accelerated compliance by developing nations, aided by technical and financial
assistance from developed nations financed in part by fees from windfall profits
of CFC manufacturers.
"Substitute CFCs Will Stoke Global Warming," D. MacKenzie, New
Scientist, pp. 25-26, May 13, 1989. Discusses concern voiced at Helsinki
over substitutes, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons
(HCFCs), and financial disadvantages posed for developing countries such as
"U.S. Seeks Tighter Rules on Ozone Protection," P. Zurer, Chem.
Eng. News, pp. 8-9, May 1, 1989. About EPA's proposed regulation of carbon
tetrachloride and methyl chloroform.
"CFC Prices Soar as Capacity Is Cut," D. Hunter, Chem. Week,
pp. 14-15, Apr. 26, 1989.
"Is EPA Dragging Its Feet on CFCs?" C.B. MacKerron, ibid.,
p. 13. Concerns a recent General Accounting Office study (see REPORTS/GENERAL
AND POLICY, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--June 1989).
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations