February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1989
"How Fast Can Trees Migrate?" L. Roberts, Science,
735-737, Feb. 10, 1989. According to research by M. Davis and C. Zabinski, if
climate models correctly predict global warming, the rapid rate of temperature
change will cause striking northward range shifts in major eastern hardwood
species, with consequent changes to other woodland plants. Discusses conclusions
of the forthcoming EPA climate effects report, based in part on this study.
"Plan to Drop Ozone Monitor from Shuttle Protested," L. Cook,
Not Man Apart (Friends of the Earth), p. 7, Nov. '88-Jan. '89. In
response to protest by Friends of the Earth and five other organizations, NASA
reconsidered a decision to delay the launch of the Shuttle Solar Backscatter
Ultraviolet (SSBUV) instrument, a delay scientists said would hamper the ozone
monitoring program. The launch was rescheduled for October 1989.
"Arctic Nations Draft Plan to Create International Arctic Science
Committee," Intl. Environ. Rptr., 7-8, Jan. 1989. Representatives
of eight countries including Canada and the United States, meeting in Leningrad,
agreed to create an international committee by June 1989. Robert Corell of the
U.S. National Science Foundation hopes the committee will facilitate global
climate change research and overcome the drawbacks of working under bilateral
"Increase for West German Ocean Research," S. Dickman, Nature,
p. 4, Jan. 5, 1989. The influential Wissenschaftsrat, an independent science
advisory board, recommended an additional DM240 million be spent over the next
few years on ocean and polar research, concentrated on interactions between
ocean and atmosphere and the study of marine ecosystems.
"International Effort to Examine Arctic Ozone Loss Gets Underway,"
P.M. Zurer, Chem. Eng. News, 30-32, Jan. 2, 1989. U.S., European and
Soviet scientists investigate the role of polar stratospheric clouds and
heterogeneous chlorine chemistry in Arctic ozone loss, which is less than in the
Antarctic but could affect more people.
"N.Z. Scientists Say Temperature Hike Likely by 2050 but Not Melting
of Polar Ice Sheets," Intl. Environ. Rptr., 18-19, Jan. 1989. An
abridged version of Climate Change in New Zealand, being prepared by the
Royal Society of New Zealand, concludes a 1.5 degree centigrade temperature
increase there by the year 2050 is most likely, but ice sheet melting will not
contribute significantly to higher sea level. This article gives other details
in the report, part of the scientific assessment phase of the country's Climate
Change Program. Interpretation of effects on social and economic activities and
implementation of policy follow. Copies of the report may be obtained from the
Society at POB 598, Wellington, N.Z.
"Forgotten Feedback Disrupts the Greenhouse," F. Pearce, New
Sci., p. 24, Dec. 10, 1988. Discusses the research of Gundolf Kohlmaier of
Frankfurt University, presented at the November conference on Climate and
Development in Hamburg, and related work by others. The response of forests and
their soils to increased temperatures could introduce unexpected feedbacks in
the greenhouse effect that are not currently included in climate models.
"World Ocean Experiment Is Short of Funds," D. MacKenzie, ibid.,
p. 19. Scientists met in Paris to set in motion the World Ocean Circulation
Experiment (WOCE), a massive, five-year study of the role of oceans in
determining climate and how it changes. Under international planning centered at
Britain's Institute of Oceanographic Sciences, scientists will begin three core
projects in 1990. However, financial backing for the proposed $600 million
program is not assured.
World Wildlife Fund conference: Consequences of the Greenhouse Effect
for Biological Diversity, October 4-6, 1988, Washington, D.C. The following
articles summarize presentations and discussions from the conference on
extensive biological effects that are possible:
"Is There Life After Climate Change?" L. Roberts, Science,
1010-1012, Nov. 18, 1988.
"Biological Response to the Greenhouse Effect," N. Shelton, Park
Sci. (U.S. National Pk. Svc.), 22-23, Winter 1989.
"No Escape From the Global Greenhouse," S. Pain, New Sci.,
38-43, Nov. 1988.
"How the Heat Trap Will Wreak Ecological Havoc," S. Pain, ibid.,
p. 22, Oct. 15, 1988.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations