February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1989
GENERAL AND POLICY
Our Changing Planet: The FY 1990 Research Plan, 196 pp.,
Sep. 1989. Committee on Earth Sciences, Federal Coordinating Council for
Science, Engineering and Technology. Available from committee chair Dallas Peck,
Dir., U.S. Geolog. Survey, 104 National Ctr., Reston VA 22092 (703-648-4450).
A presentation of President George Bush's budget proposal for the
inter-agency Global Change Research Program, aimed primarily at individuals and
organizations who direct federal global-change research and related activities.
(See NEWS, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--Oct. 1989.) Its
scientific objectives are: 1) establish an integrated, comprehensive program of
monitoring and data management; 2) conduct focused studies on the physical,
chemical and biological processes that influence earth system changes and trends
on global and regional scales; 3) develop integrated conceptual and predictive
earth system models.
The following are useful outlines of national and international
activities on global climate change over the past several years. They were
issued in June 1989 by the U.S. National Climate Program Office (NOAA, 1400
Rockville Pike, Rockville MD 20852; 301-443-8981).
National Climate Program Five-Year Plan--1989-1993, 48 pp., Dec.
1988. Implementation of the national climate program involves federal and state
agencies, regional and private institutions, academia and the private sector.
Its primary goal is to understand and predict natural and human-induced climatic
variability and change. For the next five years, the program will focus on:
accurate diagnosis of the current state of the climate system and the factors
that influence it, so that any changes in its current state can be detected;
determination of the ability to predict climate change on time scales of months
to decades; projection of the effect of increasing greenhouse gases; assessment
of the impact of a greenhouse-gas induced climate change on the environment; and
analysis of possible policy decisions. Specific activities required to implement
these objectives are discussed, as well as the relationship of the national
program to international ones.
National Climate Program 1987 Annual Report, 36 pp., Dec. 1988. The
first several pages outline administrative activities (legislation, meetings,
international agreements and workshops); the rest cover technical programs such
as climate data management, remote sensing, cloud and climate modeling, and
climate change projects.
Using Incentives for Environmental Protection: An Overview
(89-360 ENR), J.L. Moore, L. Parker et al., 88 pp., June 1989. Congressional
Res. Svc., Library of Congress, Washington DC 20540 (202-707-7228).
Addresses three basic questions related to a growing interest in
market-based approaches for environmental protection including air pollution:
what is the context of this interest (motivations, potentials and limits within
current environmental protection policies); what are the various market-based
options, arguments for wider application, limitations, and current applications;
what are the public policy issues inherent in recent proposals for market-based
EPA's Safety Assessment of Substitutes for Ozone-Depleting
Chemicals and Legal Issues Relating to CFC and Halon Production Rights
(GAO/T-RCED-89-41), 46 pp. Order from U.S. Gen. Acct. Off., POB 6015,
Gaithersburg MD 20877 (202-275-6241); first five copies free.
Statement of R.L. Hembra (GAO) before the Subcommittee on Oversight and
Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce, U.S. House of Representatives,
May 15, 1989. The testimony is based on a previous GAO report (Stratospheric
Ozone--EPA's Safety Assessment of Substitutes for Ozone-Depleting Chemicals,
GAO/RCED-89-49, 66 pp., Feb. 1989; see Global Climate Change Digest,
REPORTS/GENERAL, June 1989) as well as subsequent work. It recommends that EPA
use its authority under the Toxic Substances Control Act to assess the safety
and environmental effects of substitutes, and addresses legal issues related to
EPA's suggestion to capture windfall profits through a fee or auction system.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations