February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1990
End-Use/Least Cost Investment Strategies, A. Lovins, 26 pp., Sep.
1989. Available from Rocky Mountain Inst., 1739 Snowmass Creek Rd., Snowmass CO
81654. (E89-35, 26 pp., $12; Summary E89-35a, 2 pp., $1.) Reprints an invited
address to the World Energy Conference; describes the logic of choosing the best
buys first, and how this can yield striking benefits for the environment,
development and security.
CO2 and the World Energy System: The Role of Nuclear Power
(CONF-890810-1), W. Fulkerson (Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Tenn.), J.E. Jones, 15 pp.,
1989. NTIS: DE89-013014/XAB; $13.95.
Describes the elements needed to implement a safe and economic nuclear power
world enterprise. These include: (1) much safer reactors, preferably passively
safe, which can be developed at various scales, (2) effective and permanent
waste management strategies and strengthened safeguards against diversion of
nuclear materials to weapons.
Integral Fast Reactor Concept: Today's Hope for Tomorrow's Electrical
Energy Needs (CONF-8906182-1), C.C. Dwight (Argonne Nat. Lab., Ill.), R.D.
Phipps, 10 pp., 1989. NTIS: DE89-016633/XAB; $10.95.
Describes the Integral Fast Reactor that produces electrical energy through
the fissioning of heavy metals by fast neutrons in a reactor cooled by liquid
sodium. Spent fuel is then pyrochemically reprocessed and returned to the
reactor in a closed fuel cycle, aiding waste management. Describes the reactor's
potential for breeding (producing more fuel than it uses).
Refrigerator-Freezer Energy Testing with Alternative Refrigerants
(CONF-890609-4), E.A. Vineyard (Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Tenn.), J.R. Sand, W.A.
Miller, 14 pp., 1989. NTIS: DE89-013543/XAB; $13.95.
Presents results of energy consumption tests run for an 18-cubic-foot
top-mount refrigerator-freezer with a static condenser using the following
refrigerants: R12, R500, R12/Dimethyl-ether, R22/R142b and R134a. Concludes that
R500 and R12/DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced
in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system.
US-Japan Energy Policy Consultations: Final Narrative Report
(CONF-890424-9), Atlantic Council of the U.S., Washington DC, 150 pp., May 1989.
NTIS: DE89-013969/XAB; $21.95. Collection of papers on energy policy.
Includes topics such as: the world energy situations; global warming; the oil,
natural gas, and coal situations in the U.S. and Japan; nuclear power.
Option for the Coal Industry in Utilizing Fossil Fuel Resources with
Reduced CO2 Emissions: Revision (BNL-42228-REV), M. Steinberg
(Brookhaven Nat. Lab., Upton, N.Y.), 27 pp., May 1989. NTIS:
Describes the HYDROCARB process, which makes carbon black by separating the
hydrogen from the carbon in coal. This is an efficient, low-energy process that
emits only CO2, but in smaller quantities than coal-derived synthetic
Energy Efficiency and Structural Change: Implications for the
Greenhouse Problem (LBL-25716), S. Meyers (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Calif.),
81 pp., Aug. 1988. NTIS: DE89-012852/XAB; $15.95.
Information on climatic implications of different levels of energy use, and
on the resultant impact on policy options to limit emissions of atmospheric
gases, is being used by the U.S. EPA to refine scenarios of long-range energy
Impact of the CFC Phase-out on PG and E, Its Customers, and Energy
Use (LBL-26837), A. Meier (Lawrence Berkeley Lab.), 25 pp., Oct. 1988. NTIS:
Shows that most of the measures used to reduce CFCs in commercial building
chillers will result in lower electricity use and an improved load shape.
However, improvements in efficiency in refrigerators and insulation are
threatened by the loss of traditional refrigerants and, because of possible
short supplies, may lead to increased electricity and gas use for space
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations