February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1990
Energy Policy, 17(6), Dec. 1989.
"Global Warming--Time for a Cool Look," A. de Oliveira (Sci.
Policy Res. Unit, Univ. Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RF, UK), J. Skea, 543-546.
The urgency and scale of response to global warming will be determined not only
by scientific fact, but by how the problem is perceived by scientists,
politicians and the public. Costs to fight problems could fall
disproportionately on different countries of the world.
"Electricity's Future," P.C. Cruver (Titan Energy Ltd., Calif.),
617-620. Economic development will continue to be dependent on the availability
of electric power, and environmental concerns will play a major role in the
choice of new generation technologies required to alleviate the shortages
forecasted for most nations before the end of this century.
Correspondence (P.M.S. Jones, B. Keepin and G. Kats) on nuclear power,
renewable energy and greenhouse warming, 613-614.
"Canada, Carbon Dioxide, and the Greenhouse Effect," L. Hughes
(Dept. Computer Sci., St. Mary's Univ., Halifax, N.S., Can.), S. Scott,
Environ., 31(9), 4-5, Nov. 1989.
Without major industrial, legislative and social changes, Canadian CO2
emissions will increase between 33% and 47% by 2005. To meet the 20% decrease in
CO2 emissions called for by the World Conference on the Changing Atmosphere,
several different emission reduction scenarios have been proposed.
"Volcanism and Nuclear Winter," S.B. Idso (U.S. Water Conserv.
Lab., 4331 E. Broadway, Phoenix AZ 85040), Atmos. Environ.,
23(10), 2341-2344, 1989.
Volcanic explosions are not appropriate analogues of nuclear detonations, at
least not as far as climatic after-effects are concerned. Climatic consequences
of volcanic explosions are caused by sulfuric acid aerosols, not by smoke and
dust as in the nuclear winter scenario.
"A Step-by-Step Approach to Protection of the Atmosphere," M.
Tolba (UNEP), Intl. Environ. Affairs, 1(4), 304-308, Fall 1989.
Based on an address to law and policy experts at a February 1989 conference
(Ottawa, Canada). Calls for commitment to a framework for action to identify
causes which can be addressed now to delay or limit projected changes to
"Planning for Our Common Future: Options for Action," M.W.
Holdgate (World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland), Environ., 31(8),
14-17, 38-41, Oct. 1989.
To prevent turmoil as a consequence of global change, public policy must
meet five criteria: (1) use today's social and political realities, (2) accept
that governments have more immediate priorities to deal with than what will
happen 50 years hence, (3) acknowledge that developing countries expect to
continue essential development, (4) meet national traditional and political
goals, and (5) link national and international efforts in an equitable way.
"Sunset for Dangerous Chemicals," B. Wahlström (Swedish
Nat. Chem. Inspectorate, Box 1384, S-17127 Solna, Sweden), Nature,
341, 276, Sep. 28, 1989. Correspondence proposing a generic process for
internationally phasing out harmful chemicals such as CFCs.
"The UK Energy Select Committee Greenhouse Report," A. Warren
(Assoc. Conserv. Energy, 9 Sherlock Mews, London W1M 3RH, UK), Energy Policy,
17(5), 452-454, Oct. 1989.
Despite a Conservative-dominated membership, the House of Commons committee
accepts that market forces cannot solve the greenhouse problem and makes
recommendations for changes in policy, particularly with regard to efficiency.
(See also Global Climate Change Digest, REPORTS/FROM BRITAIN, Dec. 1989
and NEWS, Sep. 1989 for more on the report.)
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Index of Abbreviations