February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1990
EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE
EOS: A Mission to Planet Earth, 36 pp., Feb. 1990. Available (no
charge) from the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Admin., Earth Sci. Applic.
Div., Washington DC 20546.
Outlines the rationale, proposed structure and timetable for NASA's
contribution to the U.S. Global Change Research Program, represented in the
fiscal year 1991 budget by the Earth Observing System (EOS) and Earth Probes.
EOS consists of a space-based observing system (supplemented by European and
Japanese satellites), a data and information system (EOSDIS), and a scientific
research program. While Earth Probes will focus on specific processes using more
specialized platforms, EOS will continue and integrate the measurements now
being taken by short-term research missions. This booklet includes, in full
color, global displays, extensive examples of the many types of geophysical data
to be studied. Contact the address above to receive future related documents. A
Pre-EOS Handbook and an EOS Reference Handbook provide detailed
information on candidate instruments, their measurements, and the Data and
Space Operations: NASA Is Not Properly Safeguarding Valuable Data
from Past Missions (GAO/IMTEC-90-1), 76 pp., Mar. 1990. U.S. General
Accounting Office (POB 6015, Gaithersburg MD 20877; 202-275-6241). First five
copies free; additional $2 ea.
GAO's investigation, conducted at the request of the House Committee on
Science, Space and Technology, found that hundreds of thousands of tapes
containing space science data are stored under "deplorable"
conditions. NASA has not enforced federal regulations covering data storage nor
developed its own standards; in the absence of an inventory the agency does not
know what data are retained or may have been lost. Data management must be
improved considerably before massive volumes of new data are collected from
Recommendations from an Interdisciplinary Forum on Data Management
for Global Change (OIES-5), 75 pp., Mar. 1990. Available (no charge) from
Off. Interdisc. Earth Studies, Univ. Corp. Atmos. Res., POB 3000, Boulder CO
At the November 1988 forum in Baltimore, a federal interagency working group
met for the first time with a broad representation of scientists and data
managers to develop new approaches to data management. Discussed was the design
and development of a national data and information system comprising both
existing and future data centers, which would appear as a single national system
to users. A wide variety of considerations such as security, storage media,
presentation, standards and international cooperation are covered.
Trace Gases and Their Relative Contribution to the Greenhouse Effect
(AERE R 13716), R.G. Derwent (UK Dept. Environ., Harwell Lab., Oxfordshire OX11
0RA, UK), 23 pp., Jan. 1990. Available from HMSO: £8.
Establishes the global warming potential of over 20 trace gases, as a
contribution to the development of a consistent and comprehensive methodology by
Working Group 1 (science) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The
warming commitment for an instantaneous release of each gas depends on its
infrared properties, atmospheric lifetime and influence on other trace gases.
Environmental Atlas of the Iowa-Kansas-Missouri-Nebraska
Climate-Change Study Region, (ORNL/CDIAC-33), L.J. Allison et al. (Carbon
Dioxide Info. Analysis Ctr., U.S. Dept. Energy), 133 pp. + 3 overlays, Mar.
1990. Available to DOE and its contractors from Off. Sci. Tech. Info., POB 62,
Oak Ridge TN 37831 (615-576-8401; inquire for price), or from NTIS:
Contains 45 maps and associated tabulated data characterizing the present
agricultural and water resources of the region, along with basic geographic
reference data. These serve as baseline input to future modeling studies of the
potential effects of climate change.
The Biosphere Dynamics Project--Progress Report, August 1988 to
December 1989, A.M. Solomon (Proj. Leader), 27 pp., 1990. Available from
IIASA (Intl. Inst. Appl. Systems Analysis), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria (tel:
02236-71521*0). Includes activities of the Institute's Global Vegetation Change
Study which expects to complete in 1990 a model for use by non-experts in
assessing policy implications.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations