February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1990
Confronting Climate Change: Strategies for Energy Research and
Development, U.S. Nat. Res. Council, Aug. 1990. Nat. Acad. Press, 2101
Constitution Ave. NW, Washington DC 20418 (800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313);
Requested by the U.S. Congress and funded by the Department of Energy (DOE),
this study was executed by a committee appointed by the National Research
Council. For the near term it recommends that DOE devote $300 million annually
to programs on topics such as energy efficiency that would both help reduce
greenhouse emissions and be economically attractive independent of current
climate change concerns. The funds should be reallocated from existing DOE
programs on magnetic fusion and fossil fuel technologies. If the nation commits
itself to significant reductions in greenhouse gases by 2050, billions of
dollars per year should be devoted to development of new technologies that will
meet this need. (See related article in Chem. Eng. News, pp.
16-17, Sep. 10, 1990). A summary of key findings is available from the DOE Off.
Public Inquiries, Rm. 1E-206, Forrestal Bldg., Washington DC 20585;
Climate Change: Implications for Water and Ecological Resources,
340 pp., 1990. Available from Dept. Geography, Univ. Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont.
N2L 3G1, Can.; CAN$20.
Includes presentations and recommendations from an international
symposium/workshop (Waterloo, Ontario, March 1990). The first part of the
meeting examined fundamental constraints and assumptions of general circulation
models (GCMs), and included the formal release of the Canadian Climate Centre
GCM. The second portion dealt with the wide range of potential impacts suggested
by GCM results in five working groups: water resources; wetlands, wildlife and
fisheries; energy and transportation; agriculture and forests; and conservation
strategies. The groups developed recommendations for research, modeling, and
planning and managing environmental responses to climatic change, as well as for
monitoring, risk assessments, policy development and information dissemination.
The Statehouse Effect: State Policies to Cool the Greenhouse, D.
Lashoff et al., July 1990. Available from Pub. Dept., Natural Resources Defense
Council, 40 W. 20th St., New York NY 10011; $15.99.
An analysis of U.S. emissions of carbon dioxide indicates that ten states,
led by Texas, account for over half the emissions, although two of the ten
(California and New York) have the lowest per capita emissions. Policy action by
state government is needed in the absence of federal leadership, and states have
the principal responsibility for regulating utilities, building codes (for
energy efficiency), and land-use planning. A range of specific recommendations
to be implemented by states is detailed.
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Index of Abbreviations