February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1991
Global Climatic Change: A New Vision for the 1990s, Jan. 1991.
Vol. 1: Proposal Abstracts, 28 pp.; Vol. 2: Extended Project
Descriptions, 88 pp. Available from R. Balling, Lab. Climatol., Ariz. State
Univ., Tempe AZ 85287 (602-965-7533).
Presents 25 proposals for projects that reject the "popular vision"
of apocalyptic climatic impacts (see News, this Global Climate Change Digest
issue--Apr. 1991.) Examples are the impact of desertification on regional
and global warming, the water vapor budget of the upper troposphere,
social/political response to projected threats of greenhouse warming, and a
long-term field experiment on sequestering of CO2 by trees.
Global Change SysTem for Analysis, Research
and Training (START), IGBP Rep. No. 15, J.A. Eddy, T.F. Malone et
al., Eds., 40 pp., Feb. 1991. Produced by UCAR Off. Interdisc. Earth Studies
(Boulder, Colo.); available from IGBP Secretariat, Roy. Swed. Acad. Sci., Box
50005, S-104 05 Stockholm, Swed.
At a December meeting, scientists and funding administrators built on
previous work through the IGBP and the Second World Climate Congress to plan
regional research networks, each spanning a scientifically coherent area, and
containing a research center as well as affiliated research sites. Three
developing regions will receive highest priority for external funding:
equatorial South America, northern Africa, and the tropical Asian monsoon
The Potential Effects of Climate Change in the United
Kingdom, U.K. Dept. Environment, 124 pp., Feb. 1991. Available through H.M.
Sta. Off. (HMSO), 49 High Holborn, London WC1V 6HB, Eng. (tel: 44-71-873-0011;
fax: 873-8463); £8.50.
Carried out by the Climate Change Impacts Review Group as a complement to
the IPCC study, this preliminary assessment forecasts ecological damage and
economic disruption. Summers would be warmer, and the frequency of extreme
droughts and storms would increase. Agriculture would have to adjust to drier
conditions and other changes, and there would be significant migrations of
species of birds, insects and plants. Impacts on the hydrological cycle would
affect the water supplies, industries and forestry. Some impacts could benefit
the construction and tourism industries and lower total energy demand. The
government should develop new strategies to mitigate these impacts and reduce
greenhouse gas emissions. Extensive recommendations are included for research on
impact assessment and determining the cost-effectiveness of response strategies.
Japan and the Global Environment, A.S. Miller, C. Moore, 44 pp.,
Jan. 1991. Available from Univ. Maryland Ctr. for Global Change, Exec. Bldg., S.
401, 7100 Baltimore Ave., College Pk. MD 20740 (301-403-4165).
This analysis, funded by the U.S. EPA, concludes that Japan's environmental
policy is weakest in conservation of nature and protection of global
environment, reflecting lack of domestic environmental support and activism. It
is strongest in pollution reduction and energy efficiency technologies, which
could benefit the world significantly. How Japan addresses environmental issues
today may relate to its need to find a moral basis for involvement in
international affairs that transcends the single-minded pursuit of economic
wealth of its post-war politics.
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