February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 8, AUGUST 1991
MONTREAL PROTOCOL MEETING
Parties to the Montreal Protocol met in
Nairobi in June 1991 and agreed to study the implications of phasing out CFCs
and halons sooner than the currently agreed year 2000 deadline. Austria,
Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway, Switzerland and Sweden support and intend to
carry out a 1997 phaseout, which the Soviet Union and some others opposed. Also
to be studied are the roles, applications, quantities needed, and eventual
phaseout of transitional substances like hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), which
damage the ozone layer less than CFCs. The studies are to be completed by the
next general conference on the protocol, scheduled for October 1992 in
Copenhagen. A Danish environmental official interviewed by Intl. Environ.
Rptr. (p. 384, July 17, 1991) considers that meeting the last opportunity to
revise the protocol goals before they start taking effect.
At the meeting, China announced its accession to the protocol, and Turkey
was accepted as a party with developing country status. Only four countries
(Canada, New Zealand, Soviet Union and Sweden) had ratified the year 2000
deadline, a tightening of the original protocol decided at a London meeting in
June 1990 (Global Climate Change Digest, News, Aug. 1990). At
least 20 countries must ratify by January 1, 1992, for the modification to take
effect. Only three of 43 parties who have agreed to contribute to the Montreal
Protocol Trust Fund this year have done so (Norway, Sweden and United Kingdom),
leaving an outstanding balance of $1.8 million.
For more details see Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 363, July 3, 1991;
New Scientist, p. 16, June 22; Global Environ. Change Rep., p.
4, July 3. For a discussion of "HCFCs: How Should They Be Phased Out?"
see ibid., pp. 1-3, June 7.
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