February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1991
Greenhouse Policy in Germany
"German Panel Reveals Four-Part Plan to Slow Predicted Pace of Global
Warming," Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 465, Nov. 7, 1990. The
parliamentary Enquete Kommission, composed of members of Parliament and
scientists, released its plan to coincide with the Second World Climate
Conference. It calls for economically strong industrialized countries (including
Germany) to cut CO2 emissions 30 percent by the year 2005, 50 percent by 2020,
and 80 percent by 2050. Developing countries would be allowed an increase of 50
percent by 2005, 60 percent by 2020 and 70 percent by 2050. Reduction of
emissions of other greenhouse gases and of tropical forest destruction was also
"Green Party Criticizes Level, Method Agreed to by Government on CO2
Emissions," ibid., p. 513, Dec. 5. The Conservative Bonn government
agreed Nov. 7 to seek emission reductions of only 25 percent, below the level
sought by the Enquete Kommission and the German Green Party. The Green Party
also prefers a primary energy tax as opposed to a carbon tax, which would
exclude the nuclear industry.
Changes in the NASA space program were recommended by a review panel
in a report released December 10, 1990. The changes include scaling down the
space station program, allowing greater emphasis on global change research. (See
New York Times, p. A1, Dec. 11, 1990.)
Halon and CFC Substitutes
"Halon Alternatives Nearly Ready for Commercial Sale," Greenhouse
Effect Rep., p. 111, Dec. 4, 1990. Great Lakes Chemical Corp. has received
U.S. EPA approval to manufacture and sell bromodifluoromethane, an interim
substitute with lower ozone depletion potential than currently used halons.
"Chemical Companies, DOE Fund Study on Global Warming, Energy
Efficiency," ibid., p. 113. The world's 12 major chemical companies
and the U.S. Department of Energy will conduct an international study on the
potential contribution of CFC alternatives to climatic change. Evaluated will be
relative performance, subsequent carbon dioxide emissions, and net global
"Substitutes for Halons: No One Chemical Suitable," C. Hogue, Intl.
Environ. Rptr., 493-495, Nov. 21, 1990. Development of fully ozone-safe
substitutes will take about 11 years. Discusses prospective and interim
substitutes, problems faced by industry, and arguments for a quick phase-out.
"Fire-Snuffing Halons Hard to Replace," R. Dagini, Chem. Eng.
News, pp. 33-34, Sep. 17, 1990.
"Global Legislators Discuss New Environmental Proposals, " Greenhouse
Effect Rep., p. 103, Nov. 20, 1990. Members of Global Legislators
Organization for a Balanced Environment (GLOBE) from Japan, Europe and the U.S.
agreed at a November meeting on strict environmental legislation to be
introduced into their respective legislative bodies. Climate change provisions
called for reduction of energy consumption through conservation and alternative
technology, and reduced fossil fuel use.
"US on Track for Stabilization," C. Anderson, Nature, p.
4, Nov. 1, 1990. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency released a study
showing that existing policies, such as regulations governing solid waste
landfills, will have sufficient impact on greenhouse gas production to
counteract expected increases in carbon dioxide emissions by the year 2000.
"Japan Sees Gold in Warming," D. Swinbanks, Nature, p.
703, Oct. 25, 1990. Over 60 major companies covering a wide range of industries
have agreed to contribute $400 million to establish a Research Institute of
Innovative Technology for the Earth. Due to open in 1992 at Kansai science city
near Osaka with generous government support as well, the institute will develop
CFC substitutes, methods for reducing, absorbing or using carbon dioxide
emissions, and other environmental technologies.
"Save the Coasts," New Scientist, p. 26, Sep. 22, 1990.
Britain's National Rivers Authority confirmed that all coastal defenses built to
protect East Anglia from flooding will be designed on the assumption that global
warming is accelerating sea level rise.
"CEC Crash Program Analyzing Policy Options for CO2 Reduction"
and "Global Warming Potential of Greenhouse Gases Compared," IEA
ETSAP News, Dec. 1990. This four-page newsletter on activities of the
International Energy Agency's (IEA) Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program
(ETSAP) gives brief descriptions and references on current projects. Contact
project head Tom Kram in ESC/Global Issues at the operating agent for
ETSAP/Annex IV: Netherlands Energy Research Foundation, POB 1, 1755 ZG Petten,
Neth. (tel: +31-2246-4347; fax: +31-2246-3338); or newsletter editor Douglas
Hill, 15 Anthony Ct., Huntington NY 11743 (516-421-5544).
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations