February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 7, JULY 1991
OF GENERAL INTEREST
Policy Options for Stabilizing Climate, Report to Congress, D.
Lashof, D. Tirpak, Eds., Dec. 1990 (released June 1991). Main Report
(21P-2003.1), 495 pp. (includes Exec. Summary); Executive Summary
(21P-2003.2), 50 pp.; Technical Appendices (21P-2003.3). Request from
Clim. Change Div. (PM-221), Off. Policy, Planning & Eval., U.S. EPA,
Washington DC 20460.
(See News, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--July 1991.)
While much of this report's discussion cites information derived from U.S.
experience, the discussion of emissions, potential response options, and their
implications is from a global perspective. Examines a wide range of policy
choices with the technical potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. An
effective strategy will require a variety of policies. Options geared toward
increasing energy efficiency, accelerating research and development, and
reversing deforestation would be consistent with other economic, developmental,
environmental and social goals in addition to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
This analysis did not attempt to determine the economic feasibilities,
costs, benefits and other social and economic implications of proposed actions.
Decisions on the timing of U.S. policy responses should be based on these
factors, the additional commitment to warming caused by delaying action, and the
role that U.S. leadership could play in promoting international cooperation in
limiting climatic change.
Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming: Report of the Mitigation
Panel (prepublication manuscript), 500 pp., June 1991. National Academy
Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington DC 20418 (800-624-6242 or
202-334-3313); $35 + $3 shipping.
The 20-member panel devised a method for ranking potential mitigation
options by cost effectiveness, enabling policy makers to select options
applicable to virtually any greenhouse scenario, from mild warming to major
climatic disruptions. Current knowledge warrants only the implementation of low-
and no-cost options. Recommended options that could reduce U.S. greenhouse gas
emissions 10-40% from the 1990 level include: conservation and energy-efficient
improvements in residential, commercial and industrial buildings; improved motor
vehicle efficiency; aggressive phaseout of CFCs; reduced global deforestation
and reforestation of marginal lands in the U.S.; improved design and operation
of electricity generating systems.
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Index of Abbreviations