February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 7, JULY 1991
ENERGY STRATEGY AND TECHNOLOGY
Third Report from the Energy Committee: Energy Efficiency, U.K.
House of Commons Energy Select Comm., Apr. 1991. For sale from HMSO (Her
Majesty's Sta. Off.) Pub. Ctr., POB 276, London SW8 5DT, UK (tel: 01-873 9090).
(See News, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--July 1991.)
Available from Environ. & Energy Study Inst. (122 C St. NW, S. 700,
Washington DC 20001; 202-628-1400).
Energy Bill Clears Senate Committee: A Wrap-Up of Final Action (on
the National Energy Security Act, S. 1220), May 1991, 5 pp., $5. Also includes
the two-page reports Federal Research and Development Key to Energy Future,
and Government Role in Mileage Standards, Alternative Fuels.
Energy Legislation Summary, Apr. 30, 1991, 90 pp., $45. Summarizes
141 energy bills under topics including comprehensive energy policy,
conservation and efficiency, fossil and alternative fuels, transportation, and
Available from World Resour. Inst., 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC
Toward a Sustainable Energy Future: The Critical Role of Rational Energy
Pricing, J.J. MacKenzie, 15 pp. Constitutes the May 1991 edition of WRI
Issues and Ideas. Critiques the U.S. National Energy Strategy and presents
alternatives that would lead to a U.S. economy with a sustainable energy supply
independent of imported fuels.
Driving Forces: Motor Vehicle Trends and Their Implications for Global
Warming, Energy Strategies, and Transportation Planning, J.J. MacKenzie, M.
Walsh, Dec. 1990; $12.50 + $3 handling. Documents how increasing CO2 emissions
are contributing to global climate change and gives future projections.
Recommends measures that would lead to pollution-free, hydrogen-powered
Reducing U.S. Reliance on Imported Oil: An Assessment of Alternative
Transportation Fuels, J.J. MacKenzie, 10 pp., Oct. 1990 (no charge). An
analysis using several criteria including global warming contributions finds
that ethanol, methanol and natural gas offer no advantages over gasoline.
Environmental Costs of Electricity, R.L. Ottinger et al., 750
pp., Nov. 1990; $35. Prepared by Pace Univ. Ctr. Environ. Legal Studies for N.Y.
State Energy Res. & Devel. Authority and the U.S. Dept. Energy. Available
from American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 1001 Connecticut Ave. NW,
S. 535, Washington DC 20036 (202-429-8873).
Attempts to quantify, for the first time, the environmental and social costs
of sulfur, nitrogen and carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. power plants powered
by coal and natural gas. Compares the costs of power generation using coal,
natural gas and nuclear fuels.
Beyond the Petroleum Age: Designing a Solar Economy (Worldwatch
Paper 100), C. Flavin, N. Lenssen, 65 pp., Dec. 1990. Worldwatch Inst., 1776
Mass. Ave. NW, Washington DC 20036 (202-452-1999).
Technologies are now at hand that could enable renewable energy resources to
supply more than half the world's energy within 40 years. To achieve this, the
energy economy would have to become more efficient and decentralized. Major
policy changes are needed, such as energy price reform, removal of subsidies so
that fossil fuel prices reflect their full security and environmental price,
adoption of goals to limit emissions of greenhouse gases.
Short Term Options for Controlling CO2 Emissions of Light Duty
Vehicles (SAE Tech. Paper Ser. No. 901111), D.L. Greene (Ctr. Transport.
Analysis, Oak Ridge Nat. Lab.), 15 pp., 1990. Soc. Automotive Eng., 400
Commonwealth Dr., Warrendale PA 15096 (inquire for price).
An aggressive effort to improve fuel economy could hold CO2 emissions in
2015 near present levels. However, if present trends continue, a 50% increase in
light duty vehicle CO2 emissions by 2015 is not out of the question.
Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Alternative Transportation
Fuels, D. Fisher, 53 pp., Apr. 1991. Environ. Defense Fund, 5655 College
Ave., Oakland CA 94618 (415-658-8008); $10 ($8 nonprofits).
Some new fuels that lessen smog and reduce dependence on imported oil could
exacerbate global warming. For example, methanol derived from coal emits about
80% more CO2 than gasoline. Ethanol, produced from corn, contributes greenhouse
gases through the high fossil fuel inputs needed to raise and process the corn
and the high levels of nitrogen fertilizer that result in emissions of nitrogen
Prospects for Reduced CO2 Emissions in Automotive Transport (ENR
90-15), J. Darmstadter, A. Jones, 52 pp., Aug. 1990. Resources for the Future,
1616 P St. NW, Washington DC 20036 (202-328-5086); $5. Examines how automobiles
now contribute to global CO2 emissions and reviews the factors that are likely
to shape future contributions.
Driving Up the Heat: A Buyer's Guide to Automobiles, Fuel Efficiency
and Global Warming, 2nd ed., 86 pp., Apr. 1991. Public Citizen--Critical
Mass Energy Project, 215 Pennsylvania Ave. SE, Washington DC 20003
(202-546-4996); $10. Ranks over 900 1991-model cars, vans and light trucks by
fuel efficiency, impact on global warming, lifetime gasoline consumption and
lifetime CO2 emissions.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations