February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1991
Carbon dioxide removal from power plant emissions and other energy
conversion processes is becoming a common topic, particularly in Europe. The
first international conference on this subject is scheduled for March 1992 in
"Sweeping Carbon Dioxide under the Ground," New Scientist,
p. 19, June 1, 1991. Speaking at a London conference, a Dutch engineer described
an analysis, performed for the Dutch Ministry of Environmental Affairs, of
pumping CO2 from power stations into depleted underground reservoirs of natural
"Carbon Sinks," ibid., p. 31, Apr. 27. The Japanese
company Mitsubishi has obtained a European patent for pouring liquified CO2 down
long tubes that extend from the ocean surface to a depth of about 3000 meters.
"Taking out the Gas," ibid., p. 16, Mar. 16. An analysis
presented at a London conference suggests that the energy cost of disposing of
CO2 from power plants may be only a quarter of the output of a plant, lower than
many recent estimates.
"Research Program to Study Carbon Dioxide Emissions," Intl.
Environ. Rptr., p. 122, Feb. 27, 1991. British Coal will examine
alternatives for CO2 disposal, including underground storage in depleted gas and
oil fields. In a three-year program, British coal will combine a $1 million
contribution with those of other participating nations, including the U.S. and
Canada, other European countries, and possibly Japan.
"Was Underwater 'Shot' Harmful to the Whales?" J. Cohen, Science,
pp. 912-914, May 17, 1991. Oceanographers gathered at the National Academy of
Sciences to hear preliminary results of the experiment to measure ocean
temperature by generating pulses of sound waves under water. Some mammologists
are concerned that the experiment may have been harmful to whales and other
marine mammals, although there is little hard evidence of this. Critics maintain
that Walter Munk, a leading oceanographer who carried out the experiment,
wielded undue influence on NOAA administrators in obtaining clearance for the
project. More information on the possible effects on sea life may emerge at a
closed meeting next fall to evaluate the project and its future.
"Carbon Dioxide Trading Scheme for Europe Considered by Three Nordic
Countries," Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 242, May 8, 1991. Norway is
leading Finland and Sweden in pushing for such a scheme, originally proposed by
the IPCC, because it has extensive natural gas reserves which will be difficult
to develop otherwise. The Norwegian government released a report in March, The
Greenhouse Effect and Strategies, citing carbon taxes and emission rights
trading as cost-effective economic incentives to reduce CO2 emissions.
"Mexico to Eliminate CFCs on Industrialized Countries' Schedule,"
Global Environ. Change Rep., p. 4, May 17, 1991. Although the Montreal
Protocol allows developing countries an additional ten years to eliminate
ozone-depleting substances, Mexico has set a precedent by deciding to phase out
CFC solvents and methyl chloroform on the same schedule required of developed
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