February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1992
TREES AND FORESTS
Growing Trees: A Least-Cost Way to Cool Global Warming, 15 pp.,
Feb. 1992, no charge. Ctr. for Clean Air Policy, 444 N. Capitol St., S. 602,
Washington DC 20001 (202-624-7709).
Summarizes results of a series of model simulations undertaken with the
assistance of ICF Resources, which analyze the costs and impacts of greenhouse
gas emission policies on American Electric Power (AEP), a large, mainly
coal-fired utility operating in several states. Finds that forestry offsets are
one key to cutting net emissions at relatively low costs; coalbed methane is
another source, but energy conservation remains the lowest-cost strategy.
Report of the Workshop on the Conservation and Utilization of World
Forests, K. Ramakrishna, G.M. Woodwell, 26 pp., 1991, no charge. Woods Hole
Res. Ctr., POB 296, Woods Hole MA 02543 (508-540-9900).
Discussions were held (Woods Hole, Oct. 1991) to speed the process of
reaching a constructive international convention on forests by articulating
interrelated scientific and economic issues. Current knowledge of the ecological
and economic implications of changes in the size and management of forests is
insufficient to support more than the most general agreement on forests. To
address this gap, an international commission on the conservation and
utilization of world forests should be established immediately.
Neem: A Tree for Solving Global Problems, Bd. on Sci. &
Technol. for Intl. Devel., Nat. Acad. Sci., 141 pp., Feb. 1992, $19 + $3
shipping. National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington DC 20418
(800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313).
Intended as an economic development document rather than a scientific
monograph, this report describes the properties of the neem tree, native to
India and Burma, its medicinal, industrial and other uses, and its potential for
reforestation in the tropics.
Toward a Worldwide System of Tradable Forest Protection and
Management Obligations (ENR91-16), R.A. Sedjo, M. Bowes, 1991, $5. Public.
Off., Resour. for the Future, 1616 P St., Washington DC 20036 (202-328-5009).
Examines problems associated with protecting the ecological benefits of
forests not captured by the market, such as the ability to store carbon.
Describes a system for protection based on tradable management obligations, the
crude inverse of a tradable market permit system. This provides a way to
internalize the costs of deforestation, and can reflect the "user pays"
principle, so that industrialized countries that benefit from forest protection
bear most of the costs.
Climatological and Environmental Effects of Rainforest Destruction,
House of Commons Select Comm. on the Environ., 1991, £22. HMSO (Her
Majesty's Sta. Off.) Pub. Ctr., POB 276, London SW8 5DT, UK (tel: 01-873 9090).
Considers two major issues: the disturbance of the heat and hydrological
cycles, and the impact of altered greenhouse gas concentrations. (See New
Scientist, p. 65, Apr. 20, 1991).
Proceedings of the International Workshop on Large-Scale
Reforestation (EPA/600/9-91/014), J.K. Winjum (Corvallis Environ. Res. Lab.,
Ore.), P.E. Schroeder, M.J. Kenady, 172 pp., May 1991. NTIS:
Identified major operational and ecological considerations needed for
large-scale reforestation throughout the world. For instance, social and
political considerations must be emphasized; large-scale projects can consist of
many small, dispersed plantings. Reforestation would likely be a major
management tool for carbon sequestration.
Short Rotation Woody Crops for US Energy Production: The Potential
for Reducing National Carbon Dioxide Emissions (CONF-9106271-1), R.L. Graham
(Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Tenn.), 19 pp. 1991. NTIS: DE91-017861; $17.
Analyzes three strategies: creation of new forests or plantations and
management of existing forests to fix carbon; tree planting in cities to reduce
fuel consumption for cooling; and replacement of fossil fuels with wood. The
latter two are long-term solutions.
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