February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1992
CARBON TAX ANALYSES
(See related News article, this GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
DIGEST issue--Apr. 1992.)
Energy Policy in the Greenhouse: Vol. II. The Cost of Cutting Carbon
Emissions, F. Krause et al., 1992, $50.
Technical Report A: Cost and Potential of Demand-Side Efficiency
Resources in Western Europe, 250 pp., $80.
Technical Report B: Cost and Potential of Low Carbon Power Supply
Options in Western Europe, 250 pp., $80.
All available in May from Intl. Project on Sustainable Energy Paths (IPSEP),
7627 Leviston Ave., El Cerrito CA 94530 (514-525-4446).
Volume I of this study by an international team, published in Nov. 1989 (GLOBAL
CLIMATE CHANGE DIGEST, Reports/Gen. Interest, Feb. 1990), established
ecologically-based CO2 emission reduction targets. Volume II argues that
previous macroeconomic studies predicting detrimental economic impacts from
carbon taxes have omitted the beneficial effects of "recycling" tax
revenues as energy efficiency investments.
For information on the following DRI studies (discussed in Energy,
Econ. & Clim. Change, Feb. 1992) contact Elisabeth Waelbroeck-Rocha, DRI
European Industry Serv., Rue Camille Lemonnier 1, B-1060 Brussels, Belg. (tel:
+32-2-346-2325; fax: +32-2-346-2309), or Jos Delbeke, Commission of the European
Communities, Blvd. du Triomphe 174, 1160 Brussels, Belg. (tel: +32-2-236-8804).
The Economic Impact of a Package of EC Measures to Control CO2 Emissions,
Nov. 1991. Finds that an energy/CO2 tax would encourage early replacement of
capital stock and redistribute income in the EC economy, but not significantly
Impact of a Package of EC Measures to Control CO2 Emissions on European
Industry, Feb. 1992. Examines impacts on 20 different industrial and service
sectors, assuming different scenarios of requirements for the energy-intensive
The EC Proposal for Combining Carbon and Energy Taxes--The
Implications for Future CO2 Emissions (draft), A.S. Manne (Stanford Univ.,
Stanford, Calif.), R.G. Richels, 19 pp., Feb. 1992.
This analysis, funded by the (U.S.) Electric Power Research Institute,
investigates a unique feature of the EC tax proposal--taxing of energy as well
as fossil fuels. The Global 2100 model is used to explore implications of this
approach for both Europe and the U.S. Concludes that the proposed tax may not
achieve the desired emissions target, and may not be cost-effective. If the goal
is to reduce carbon emissions, taxation of carbon-based fuels is
IEA ETSAP studies: The following studies are summarized in
recent issues of the International Energy Agency's ETSAP News,
describing work of IEA's Energy Technology Systems Analysis Programme (ETSAP).
Contact Tom Kram, Neth. Energy Res. Foundation, POB 1, 1755 ZG Petten, Neth.
(tel: +31-2246-4347); or newsletter editor Douglas Hill, 15 Anthony Ct.,
Huntington NY 11743 (516-421-5544).
"NYMARKAL to evaluate CO2 Emission Control Measures in New York State,"
Feb. 1992 issue. A specialized version of the general MARKAL energy system model
is being applied by Brookhaven National Laboratory to evaluate the special
circumstances of New York State.
"Input-Output Model Integrated with MARKAL in Preliminary Italian Runs,"
Nov. 1991 issue. Describes an initial analysis of CO2 emission control measures
in the Italian energy system by VIATEC Srl (Genoa, Italy).
"Effect of Nuclear Phase-Out on CO2 Emissions in Sweden," Nov.
1991 issue. MARKAL analysis show a phase-out would make a 20% emission reduction
"Japanese Reduction Program Supported by Preliminary MARKAL Runs,"
Aug. 1991 issue. Work by the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute show the
goal of stabilization at the 1990 level by 2000 is feasible, and estimates
individual effects of various strategies.
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