February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 7, JULY 1992
Ozone depletion potentials, a measure of the impact of various
chemicals on stratospheric ozone, have been used to develop the Montreal
Protocol restrictions based on long-term impacts. A paper by Solomon and
Albritton discusses the short-term impacts of CFCs and CFC substitutes and their
policy implications. (See their paper in Prof. Pubs./Of Gen. Interest, this
issue--July 1992; and discussion of it in Chem. in Britain, p. 498, June
State and local policies. The University of Maryland's Center for Global Change is developing a
computerized database of state and local laws, bills and policy proposals
related to greenhouse gases, as a resource for legislators, regulators, policy
makers, advocacy groups and trade associations. (See Cool Tools,
Reports/Gen. Interest, this issue--July 1992.)
The Eastern Regional Conference of the Council of State Governments (CSG)
published a six-page set of 30 recommendations to northeastern states on climate
change mitigation, developed since 1990 by its Global Climate Change Task Force.
Contact CSG, 5 World Trade Ctr., S. 9241, New York NY 10048 (212-912-0128).
Fax/online news service: Global Warming Network Online Today
provides daily executive summaries of world news on climate change. Each day's
issue includes three or four items (filling about one fax page; also available
by computer transmission), gleaned from news wire services, press releases and
other sources. Three other networks (ozone depletion, clean air and alternative
energy) are also available, and all can be ordered as monthly printed
compilations. Subscription rates for a single network start at $75 per month
($25 for educational institutions), with discounts for additional networks.
Contact Environ. Info. Networks Inc., 119 S. Fairfax St., Alexandria VA 22314
Special section: "Global Change," Science, May 22,
1992. Following are three of five articles included:
"Greenhouse Science Survives Skeptics," R.A. Kerr, pp. 1138-1140.
A synopsis of attitudes of scientists across the spectrum on the immediacy of
the global climate change dilemma, and the implications of uncertainty for
policy decisions. Most scientists contacted are leaning toward no-cost or
low-cost reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, as insurance against the
possibility of serious developments.
"A Technical Fix for the Greenhouse," F.S. Myers, p. 1144.
Accompanies a more general article on Japan's bid for global leadership in clean
industry; describes Japan's determination to turn CO2 from a problem into a
"There's a New Offering on Campus: Global Change 101," A. Gibbons,
pp. 1146-1147. Reviews the status of recently established centers for global
change in the U.S., and debates over the academic justification for global
change degree programs.
"Web of Interactions Makes It Difficult to Untangle Global Warming
Data," B. Hileman, Chem. Eng. News, pp. 7-19, Apr. 27, 1992. An
extensive review, written at a general level, of recent developments in
scientific understanding and accompanying policy trends. Despite the
complexities, experts have made progress in approaching a comprehensive
understanding of the chaotic climate system.
"Arctic Ozone Levels Predicted to Decrease," P. Zurer, ibid.,
pp. 27-28, May 18. Gives findings from last winter's Airborne Arctic
Stratospheric Expedition. NASA scientist Robert Watson says the findings call
for stronger controls on anthropogenic chlorine and bromine, and the need to
regulate the fumigant methyl bromide must be determined.
"Poll Finds Environmental Concern," Sci. News, p. 365,
May 30, 1992. A survey of over 22,000 citizens in 22 countries indicates they
see environmental ills as a serious problem, but contradicts the widespread view
that only rich nations are concerned about the environment. People in developing
nations blamed developed and developing countries equally, while those in 5 of
the 11 richest countries blamed industrialized countries.
"Canada Begins Issuing Daily UV Advisories," Global Environ.
Change Rep., p. 7, June 11, 1992. The environment and health ministries are
providing clear-sky ultraviolet-B radiation levels for major population centers
and holiday destinations, for dissemination through regular weather broadcasts.
"AES Offers Consultant/Broker Services for CO2 Offsets," ibid.,
p. 7, May 22. American Energy Services, which has the policy of offsetting the
CO2 emissions from every power plant it builds, will help utilities and others
based on its experience. Contact Sheryl Sturges, AES Corp., 1001 N. 19th St.,
20th Fl., Arlington VA 22209 (703-522-1315).
From Energy, Econ. & Clim. Change, Apr. 1992 (Cutter Info.
Corp., 37 Broadway, Arlington MA 02174; 617-648-8700). The articles list sources
and further reading.
"Golden Carrots and Super-Efficient Refrigerators," pp. 2-4. North
American utilities have pooled to offer a $30-million incentive to the
refrigerator manufacturer that can deploy over a quarter-million "super-efficient,"
CFC-free refrigerators between 1994 and 1997.
"Natural Gas Emissions from Eastern Europe and the CIS," pp. 4-8.
Reviews the largely anecdotal but worrying evidence for excessive methane
emissions from gas distribution systems in the Commonwealth of Independent
States, and the prospects for determining this potentially important source of
greenhouse gases in the near future.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations