February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1992
EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE
Technical Bibliographies: William B. Grant has compiled the
following bibliographies, available from him without charge at NASA Langley Res.
Ctr., MS 401A, Hampton VA 23665 (tel: 804-864-5846; fax: 804-864-7790). Specify
either hard copy or floppy disk and word processing code. A bibliography on
volcanic aerosols and their effects is in progress.
Water Vapor Continuum. Over 300 articles and reports dealing with
both the thermal IR and microwave regions, including measurements, theory and
applications in radiative transfer. References start from 1888 and are updated
Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) Radiation. Over 640 articles and reports,
encompassing a wide range of topics: solar UV radiation measurements, global
ozone change, atmospheric molecular absorption, aerosol and cloud scattering,
measurements of UV-B at the Earth's surface, UV-B effects on human, animal and
plant life. References begin in 1836 and are updated regularly.
The Determination of Total Dissolved Inorganic Carbon in Sea Water
Using Extraction/Coulometry: The First Stage of a Collaborative Study
(DOE/RL/01830T-H14), A.G. Dickson (Scripps Inst. Oceanog., 9500 Gilman Dr., La
Jolla CA 92093), 43 pp., Feb. 1992. Order from Off. Sci. Tech. Info., POB 62,
Oak Ridge TN 37831 (615-576-8401), or NTIS.
Contributes to the international standardization of analyses of parameters
of the carbon dioxide system in sea water, necessary for the JGOFS.
Discrepancies found in results from different laboratories probably stem from
the lack of a written standard operating procedure and of certified reference
materials for total dissolved inorganic carbon in sea water.
Climate Data Needs from GCM Experiments for Use in Assessing the
Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Natural Resource Systems (Discussion
Paper, ENR91-15), M.S. McKenney, N.J. Rosenberg, 1991, $5. Contact Public. Off.,
Resources for the Future, 1616 P St., Washington DC 20036 (202-328-5009).
Needed are better estimates of: climatic variability, measures of water
availability and how precipitation may change, and the climatic time scale which
will be affected. Important concerns are the reliability of model results, and
the spatial density of predictions.
Simulating the Impacts of Climate Change on Potential
Evapotranspiration: A Comparison of the Climate Sensitivity of Selected Methods
(Discussion Paper, ENR91-17), M.S. McKenney, N.J. Rosenberg, 1991, $5. Contact
RFF, addr. immed. above.
Uses eight methods that differ in structure and data requirements, together
with data from five sites. The methods differ in predictions even without
climate change, and in their sensitivities to temperature and other climatic
inputs such as humidity, windiness and sunshine.
Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth
System Sciences, Nat. Res. Council, Board on Atmos. Sci. & Clim., 78
pp., 1991, $19 + $3 shipping. Order from Nat. Acad. Press, 2101 Constitution
Ave. NW, Washington DC 20418 (800-624-6242).
International Global Network of Fiducial Stations--Scientific and
Implementation Issues, Nat. Res. Council Panel on Global Network of Fiducial
Sites, 129 pp., 1991, $19. Order from Nat. Acad. Press, addr. immed. above.
Proposes a network of sites for making space-based geodetic measurements
such as sea level change. Discusses the scientific rationale, identifies
geophysical problems that cannot be solved without a global approach, considers
operational details, and suggests a model plan.
Earth Observing System: Information on NASA's Selection of Data
Centers (GAO/IMTEC-91-67), 18 pp., Sep. 1991. Order from U.S. General
Accounting Office, POB 6015, Gaithersburg MD 20877 (202-275-6241). First five
copies free; additional $2 ea.
Officials from the EOS program say that the process NASA used to select
sites for seven Distributed Active Archive Centers was largely subjective, and a
number of sites with significant earth science data holdings were not chosen,
including several from other federal agencies. NASA may negotiate agreements
with some of these agencies to serve as affiliated data centers.
Arid Ecosystems Interactions: Recommendations for Drylands Research
in the Global Change Research Program (OIES-6), 81 pp., Nov. 1991. Contact
D. Ehret, Off. Interdisciplinary Earth Sci., UCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307
From an interdisciplinary workshop (Boulder, Colo.; Oct. 1989) on dry
ecosystems, which support one-fifth of the world's population and are
particularly sensitive to change. Ten specific research priorities include
expansion of monitoring to provide a baseline for future changes; assessments of
the potential vulnerability of different dryland societies; development of
regional models of atmospheric, geomorphic, hydrological and ecosystem processes
as well as land use; international cooperation to improve knowledge of past
environmental conditions in arid regions.
Theory and Modeling in GLOBEC: A First Step, E. Hofmann (Joint
Oceanog. Institutions Inc., Washington, D.C.), T. Osborn et al., 14 pp., 1991.
NTIS: N92-11602/9; $17. GLOBEC: Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics: A
Component of the U.S. Global Change Research Program (NASA-TM-105121), 91
pp., 1991. NTIS: N92-11603/7; $19.
GLOBEC is a research initiative proposed by oceanographic and fisheries
scientists to determine the impact of changes in the global environment on the
populations and communities of marine animals. The basic mechanisms that
determine the abundance and distribution of marine animal populations and their
variability will be explored. The first document listed describes the overall
approach; the second gives an initial science plan.
A Plan for Intermodel Comparison of Atmospheric CO2 Projections with
Uncertainty Analysis (ORNL/CDIAC-32), A.W. King, M.J. Sale, 46 pp., June
1990. Contact Carbon Dioxide Info. Analysis Ctr., Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge
TN 37831 (615-574-0390).
Describes a procedure for the documentation, support and archiving of global
carbon cycle models, then considers model uncertainties with the goal of
evaluating model capabilities and research needs.
Report of a Workshop on Climate Feedbacks and the Role of Peatlands,
Tundra and Boreal Ecosystems in the Global Carbon Cycle (ORNL/TM-11457),
W.M. Post, 32 pp., Feb. 1990. Order from Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., addr. immed.
From a 1988 workshop held to estimate the net flux of carbon-cycle gases
between northern ecosystems and the atmosphere under altered levels of CO2, to
determine key uncertainties, and to identify research needs.
Forest Succession and Climatic Change: Coupling Land-Surface
Processes and Ecological Dynamics (Doctoral Thesis; NCAR/CT-131), P. Martin
(NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), 138 pp., 1990. NTIS: PB92-112952;
Focuses on the response of forests to climatic change using a model that
applies the physics of energy and water exchange in detail to the northeastern
U.S., to yield results on ecological dynamics, forest hydrology and vegetation
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations