February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1992
GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
International Negotiations on Climate Change, 24 pp., Feb. 1992.
Available from Ctr. Global Change, Univ. Maryland, Executive Bldg., S. 401, 7100
Baltimore Ave., College Pk. MD 20740 (301-403-4165).
The third in a series summarizing climate treaty negotiations, prepared by
the Center (an interdisciplinary research group). Distributed during the
February 1992 negotiations in New York in conjunction with a briefing sponsored
by the Climate Action Network U.S., a coalition of nongovernmental environmental
organizations. This useful reference summarizes the structure, legal status and
progress of the negotiations conducted by the International Negotiating
Committee established by the U.N. in December 1990. Describes outstanding issues
and national negotiating positions prior to the February 1992 session.
Global Climate Change: U.S.-Japan Cooperative Leadership for
Environmental Protection, J.E. Gray, R.W. Fri, T. Ikuta, Co-chairs, 96 pp.,
Nov. 1991, $8. Order from The Atlantic Council of the U.S., 1616 H St. NW,
Washington DC 20006 (202-347-9353).
Developed by the Council in conjunction with Resources for the Future
(U.S.), and with the Committee for Energy Policy Promotion (Japan), the
Institute of Energy Economics (Japan) and the Global Institute and Social
Progress Research Institute (Japan). Based largely on the U.S.-Japan Policy
Conference on Environmental Protection and Development (May 1991,
Washington, D.C.). The first section summarizes views which the countries hold
in common, such as the need for increased energy efficiency, while the second
delineates differences that are evident in the current negotiations on climate,
such as the role of national emission targets or a "pledge and review"
system. Contains other material relating to government and business views of
climate change, and summarizes relevant research by the institutions involved.
Recommendations on Measures to Apprehend Global Warming: Tasks to
Undertake Now for the Sake of Future Generations, 19 pp., Oct. 1991. Contact
S. Eto, Keizai Doyukai, Japan Industry Club Bldg., 4-6 Marunouchi, 1-Chome,
Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo, Japan 100 (tel: 03-3211-1271).
A position paper by Keizai Doyukai, the Japanese Association of Corporate
Executives. Despite uncertainties, the potential damage of greenhouse warming
must be confronted, and restricting CO2 emissions is the key. Makes
recommendations for private corporations and the government for renewed energy
conservation, reducing reliance on fossil fuels, measures to stabilize CO2
levels, technology transfer to other countries and public information.
Rethinking the Ozone Problem in Urban and Regional Air Pollution,
U.S. Nat. Res. Council, Committee on Tropospheric Ozone Formation and
Measurement, 489 pp., 1991, $47.95 + shipping. Order from Nat. Acad. Press
(addr. immed. above; 800-624-6242).
The committee was established to evaluate scientific understanding of the
processes leading to ozone formation in the lower atmosphere, and to identify
the research needed to make ozone control programs more effective. Generation of
ozone locally contributes to large-scale concentrations of this greenhouse gas.
A major finding is that the role of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has been
underestimated, and that control of nitrogen oxide emissions may be necessary in
addition to, or instead of, control of VOCs. Includes discussion of the possible
influence of climate change on the urban ozone problem, and the need for a
global chemical transport model that would include ozone. Recommends a national
research program that would foster international exchange and scientific
evaluations of global tropospheric ozone and its importance in atmospheric
chemistry and climate change. For further discussion see "NRC Faults
Science behind Ozone Regs," R. Stone, Science, p. 26, Jan. 3, 1992.
Global Environmental Change and International Governance
(Hanover, N.H.; June 1991), O.R. Young, G.J. Demko, K. Ramakrishna, 33 pp.,
1991. Revised conference papers and a summary of discussions will be published
in 1992. Contact G.J. Demko, Dartmouth College, Hanover NH 03755.
Organized as part of a joint project to extract lessons regarding the
effectiveness of international regimes from a study of experience in global
resource and environmental agreements, particularly with respect to perspectives
from both the developed and less developed nations, and apply them to current
problems such as climate change. A major theme is the need for public education
on the importance of environmental problems, differing attitudes toward quality
of life, and economic and demographic factors.
Climate Change and Developing Countries: Priorities for Policy
Research in the Netherlands (ECN-C-91-011), J.H.A. van den Akker (Neth.
Energy Res. Foundation, ECN, Petten, Neth.), F.D.J. Nieuwenhout, Eds., 63 pp.,
Apr. 1991. Available in the U.S. through NTIS.
Research should: be policy-oriented and relevant for Dutch policy makers;
deal with options with a large contribution to the abatement of global warming;
and have some international cooperation. Topics may include technology
development and transfer, and economic, financial, legal and institutional
The Carbon Dioxide Tax and Energy Taxes--The Swedish Experience
(No. 620-9327-4), 8 pp., 1991. Price: SEK16 + shipping. Order from Swed.
Environ. Protect. Agency, Info. Dept., S-171 85 Solna, Swed. (fax: 46-8-98 45
The Greenhouse Effect: Damages, Costs and Abatement (RR-91-12),
R.U. Ayers, J. Walter, July 1991, $10. Available from Public. Dept., IIASA,
A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria (tel: 02236 71521-0).
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations