February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 5, MAY 1992
EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE: VOLCANIC AEROSOL IMPACTS
"Climate Change and the Middle Atmosphere. Part II: The Impact of
Volcanic Aerosols," D. Rind (NASA Goddard Inst. Space Studies, 2880
Broadway, New York NY 10025), N.K. Balachandran, R. Suozzo, J. Clim.,
5(3), 189-208, Mar. 1992.
Effects of volcanic aerosols were investigated for different time scales
using a Goddard Institute model of the middle and lower atmosphere. Results show
that the responses of the troposphere and the middle atmosphere are closely
linked, indicating the need to include both atmospheric levels when studying the
effects of climate change.
"Arctic Radiation Deficit and Climate Variability," H.-F. Graf
(M. Planck Inst. Meteor., Univ. Hamburg, Bundesstr. 55, W-2000, Hamburg 13,
Ger.), Clim. Dynam., 7(1), 19-28, Feb. 1992.
Stratospheric aerosol injection is generally accepted to reduce global
radiation by about 5% during major volcanic eruptions. An experiment performed
with the ECMWF general circulation model provides evidence that this radiation
deficit is a possible external forcing factor for severe climatic anomalies not
only in the area directly affected by reduced radiation, but also in the
"Variation of Fields of Water Surface Temperature and Air
Temperature over the World Ocean," V.F. Loginov (Main Geophys. Observ.),
A.V. Tsvetkov, Soviet Meteor. Hydrol., No. 7, 73-79, 1990 (publ. 1991).
Eng. trans. of Meteor. i Gidrol., No. 3, 85-93, 1990.
Mean seasonal and mean annual series of water surface temperature and air
temperature for the period 1870-1979 were statistically analyzed in a number of
ways. The responses of these temperatures to volcanic eruptions were obtained.
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