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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1992

PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS...
TREND ANALYSIS: TROPOSPHERIC COMPOSITION


Item #d92nov38

"Changing Sources of Impurities to the Greenland Ice Sheet over the Last 250 Years," P. Laj (Lab. Glaciol., Domaine Univ., BP 96, 38402 St. Martin d'Hères Cedex, France), J.M. Palais, H. Sigurdsson, Atmos. Environ., 26A(14), 2627-2640, Oct. 1992.

Measurements of major ions in nine sections of a central Greenland ice core show that concentrations of SO42- and NO3- have increased up to three or four times the 18th-century levels, and large changes have also occurred in species such as NH4+, excess Cl, and Ca+. Anthropogenic inputs have clearly modified the behavior of several chemical compounds in the atmosphere.


Item #d92nov39

"Variations in Surface Ozone Trends over Europe," P.S. Low (Ozone Secretariat, UNEP, POB 47074, Nairobi, Kenya), P.M. Kelly, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19(11), 1117-1120, June 2, 1992.

Data from remote, rural, suburban and urban stations show no dominant region-wide trend over 1978-1988, although there is some common behavior on a subregional scale. The short-term variability evident in this study suggests it may be misleading to draw conclusions concerning long-term trends from records of limited duration.


Item #d92nov40

"Model Calculations of Nighttime Atmospheric OH," Y. Lu (Global Change Res. Ctr., Oregon Graduate Inst., Beaverton OR 97006), M.A.K. Khalil, Tellus, 44B(2), 106-113, Apr. 1992.

Nighttime OH concentrations may have decreased significantly between ice-age and preindustrial, and between preindustrial and present times, although daytime concentrations did not vary much during these transitions.

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