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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1992

PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS...
IMPACTS ON THE HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS

These topics are the respective themes of the July and September issues of GeoJournal (Kluwer Academic Publishers).


Item #d92oct17

In GeoJournal, 27(3), July 1992:

"The Nature of Short-Periodic Climate Variation and Its Relation with Water Exchange," V.I. Ferronsky (Russian Acad. Sci., Water Problems Inst., 13/3 Sadovaya-Chernogriazskaya St., 103064 Moscow, Russia), 237-242. Examines the effects of solar energy flux variation in the annual cycle.

"Marine Terraces as Indicators of Global Geoidal and Hydrological Changes," Yu.A. Tarakanov (Russian Acad. Sci., Earth Phys. Inst., 10 Bolshaya Gruzinskaya, Moscow, Russia), R.K. Klige, A.O. Selivanov, 243-246. Spatial analysis of marine terrace elevations from 40-30 thousand years BP was used to indicate past water regimes.

"Incorporation of Hydrologic Cycle Elements into the Dynamic-Stochastic Climate Model," S.G. Dobrovolsky (Russian Acad. Sci., Water Problems Inst., 13/3 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., 103064 Moscow, Russia), O.O. Rybak, 247-254.

"Continental Cloudiness Changes This Century," A. Henderson-Sellers (Clim. Impacts Ctr., Macquarie Univ., N. Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia), 255-262. Based on data from 1900 to 1985, total cloud amount in two of four continents examined shows a statistically significant increase.

"The Global Hydrologic Cycle and Its Continental Links," K.K. Edelstein (Moscow State Univ., Faculty of Geog., Lengory, 119899 Moscow, Russia), 263-268. Examines how the global cycle is reflected in river flow and the chemical composition of surface waters.

"Trends in the Long-Term Variability of Groundwater Discharge," V.S. Kovalevsky (Russian Acad. Sci., Water Problems Inst., 13/3 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., 103064 Moscow, Russia), 269-274. Predicts that global warming could increase groundwater recharge in the USSR 10%-40% in the beginning of the next century, resulting in improved water supply but also negative ecological impacts of waterlogging and flooding, especially in cities and towns.

"Fluctuation of Atmospheric Precipitation in Europe," R. Brázdil (Dept. Geog., Masaryk Univ., Kotlárská 2, Brno 611 37, Czech.), 275-291. Analyzes temporal and spatial characteristics of annual precipitation fluctuations, and presents expected changes in global and European precipitation for a doubling of CO2, based on the GISS and GFDL models.

"The Significance of Global Snow and Ice Cover for Global Change Studies," R.G. Barry (CIRES, Univ. Colorado, Boulder CO 80309), 293-297. The state of global monitoring of snow and ice conditions is adequate for some variables but not for others. Describes recent trends and projected changes from increased greenhouse gases.

"Changes in the Water Regime of the Caspian Sea," R.K. Klige (Dept. Geog., Moscow State Univ., 119889 Moscow, Russia), 299-307. Attempts to forecast the level of the Caspian Sea at the end of the twentieth century that would result from possible climate changes, by examining historical, paleogeomorphical and other data.

"Yearly Variations in Runoff as a Function of Precipitation Variations for the East-European Plain," V.I. Shvejkina (Russian Acad. Sci., Water Problems Inst., 13/3 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., 103064 Moscow, Russia), 309-314.


Item #d92oct18

GeoJournal, 28(1), Sep. 1992, contains papers from a symposium on global warming and freshwater ecosystems, held during the XVII Pacific Science Symposium of the Pacific Science Association (Honolulu, Hawaii, May 1991):

"Tools for Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Freshwater Fish Populations," B.J. Shuter (Ontario Min. Environ., Box 5000, Maple, Ont. L6A 1S9, Can.), J.D. Meisner, 7-20. Examines methods such as bioenergetic models for the growth of individual fish, thermal habitat models to assess impacts on population abundance, and life cycle models to assess impacts on zoogeographic distribution of species. Identifies required research on them.

"Assessing Potential Effects of Global Climate Change on Tropical Freshwater Fishes," J.D. Meisner (ESSA Ltd., 9555 Yonge St., S. 308, Richmond Hill, Ont. L4C 9M5, Can.), B.J. Shuter, 21-27. Initial assessments should focus on changes to water quality variables in riverine environments at a coarse resolution. A useful starting point would be comparative analysis of the sensitivity of blackfishes and whitefishes to changes in habitat availability, oxygen levels and dessication stress.

"Global Climate Change and Fish and Fisheries: What Might Happen in a Temperate Oceanic Archipelago like New Zealand," R.M. McDowall (Min. Agric. & Fish., POB 8324, Christchurch, N.Z.), 29-37. While expected changes will be much more rapid than those from New Zealand's geological past, they are unlikely to be perceived by the human population, and less extreme than present problems such as deforestation, river impoundment and eutrophication.

"Prediction and Assessment of Potential Effects of Global Environmental Change on Freshwater Sports Fish Habitat in British Columbia," T.G. Northcote (Westwater Res. Ctr., Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1W5, Can.), 39-49. The high topographic relief and physiographic diversity of British Columbia make impact predictions difficult. Both positive and negative impacts are projected, and management policies discussed.

"Probable Consequences of Climate Change on Freshwater Production of Adams River Sockeye Salmon (Oncorynchus nerka)," M.A. Henderson (Dept. Fish. & Oceans, 555 W. Hastings St., Vancouver, B.C. V6B 5G3, Can.), D.A. Levy, J.S. Stocker, 51-59. Information on the influence of temperature on the thermal physiology, growth and survival of salmon, combined with projections of temperature change for doubled CO2, show that the net effect over all freshwater life history stages will be a reduction in the freshwater production.

"Predicted Effects of Climate Warming on the Commercial Culture of the Channel Catfish, Ictalurus punctatus," R. McCauley (Dept. Biol., Laurier Univ., Waterloo, Ont. N2K 3C5, Can.), T. Beitinger, 61-66. Reviews thermal requirements for growth and the role of air temperature and precipitation in limiting the distribution of profitable fish farms, and constructs a model for changes in this distribution in the U.S.

"Large Lakes of the World: A Global Science Opportunity," D.F. Reid (NOAA Great Lakes Environ. Res. Lab., 2205 Commonwealth Blvd., Ann Arbor MI 48105), A.M. Beeton, 67-72. The large lakes of the world contain over 68% of the fresh liquid surface water and are increasingly threatened by anthropogenic influences including climate change. Proposes an organized, multinational framework for the study of large lakes on a global scale, similar to programs underway for the atmospheric and oceanic sciences.

"Ecological Studies on the Kerkini Reservoir (N-Greece)--I. Morphometric, Hydrological, Physical and Chemical Features," A. Kamarianos (Sch. Vet. Med., Aristotelian Univ. Thessaloniki, Univ. Box 404, 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece), X. Karamanlis et al., 73-80.

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