February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1993
HYDROGEN ENERGY: EVALUATION AND APPLICATION
"Storage and Transport of Solar Energy on a Massive Scale:
The Hydrogen Option," H.K. Abdel-Aal (Dept. Chem. Eng., King
Fahd Univ., Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia), Intl. J. Hydrogen
Energy, 17(11), 875-882, Nov. 1992.
Presents a technical evaluation of three alternative options
for converting solar energy to hydrogen. Reports experimental
findings using one of the options: photovoltaic electrolysis.
Gives criteria for selecting locations for hydrogen production on
a massive scale in some parts of the Arab world.
Contribution of Hydrogen in the Development of Renewable Energy
Sources," J. Nitsch (DLR--Ger. Aerospace Res.,
Pfaffenwaskring 38-40, 7000 Stuttgart 80, Ger.), H. Klaiss, J.
Meyer, ibid., 17(8), 651-663, Aug. 1992.
Two technological assessments carried out for German
Parliament commissions show the role of hydrogen in surmounting
limits to the use of renewable resources on a large scale.
Compares solar electricity and solar hydrogen systems for Central
Europe, Southern Europe and North Africa, and evaluates hydrogen
systems for various mixes of energy sources in Germany. Lays out
the evolution of a solar hydrogen energy system starting from
Germany's present energy infrastructure.
from ibid., 17(7), July 1992:
"Efficiency and CO2 Emission Analysis of
Pathways by Which Methane Can Provide Transportation
Services," P. Crane (Dept. Mech. Eng., Univ. Victoria,
Victoria BC V8W 3Y6, Can.), D.S. Scott, 543-550.
Proposes six candidate pathways by which transportation energy
can be provided from methane, and compares them with the use of
gasoline. A surprising result is that the methanol spark ignition
pathway is least efficient and produces the greatest amount of CO2;
hydrogen and fuel cell pathways are optimal using the chosen
"On the Concept of Transition Period in Hydrogen Energy
Development," A.R. Brun-Tsekhovoi (Inst. Petrochem.
Synthesis, Acad. Sci., Leninsky Prospekt 29, Moscow, Russia),
555-556. Proposes the creation of a small number of large
capacity hydrogen plants, with facilities for CO2
storage nearby and systems for distributing hydrogen.
"Hydrogen: The Wonder Fuel," T.N. Veziroglu (Clean
Energy Res. Inst., Univ. Miami, Coral Gables FL 33124), F.
Barbir, ibid., 17(8), 391-404, June 1992.
Summarizes criteria for renewable, environmentally compatible
energy sources, and ranks available candidates, finding hydrogen
to clearly be the best choice.
"Effective Costs of the Future Energy Systems," F.
Barbir (addr. above), T.N. Veziroglu, ibid., 17(4),
299-308, Apr. 1992.
Compares the fuels most considered for the
post-petroleum/natural gas era--gaseous and liquid hydrogen,
coal, and coal-derived synthetic fossil fuels--on the basis of
production cost, external costs and utilization efficiencies.
Concludes that hydrogen is the most cost-effective and
"Pollution Solution/Revisited," R.M. Zweig (2936
McAllister St., Riverside CA 92503), ibid., 17(3),
219-225, Mar. 1992.
Reviews direct and indirect world human health costs of fossil
fuel combustion, concluding that rapid transition to a hydrogen
economy would eliminate these costs and enhance human health.
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