February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1993
GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
Change and Sustainable Development," J. Firor (Nat. Ctr. Atmos. Res., POB
3000, Boulder CO 80307), J.E. Jacobsen, Air & Waste, 43(5),
707-722, May 1993.
A comprehensive review of climate change science and of recent thinking
regarding sustainable development. Uses the atmosphere as an example of a
natural system being modified by human activities to an extent that probably
cannot be sustained over long periods of time without serious damage to the
biosphere and to society. Enormous challenges stand in the way of an easy move
toward a sustainable world, because of the human poverty that exists in many
regions as well as the ingrained preferences of high-consumption
societies. Any clear understanding of sustainability will depend on analysis of
complex issues involving intertwining matters of science, human values, and
(This annual critical review was presented at the June meeting of the Air &
Waste Management Association; subsequent discussion and comment from that
meeting and comments submitted by readers will be considered for inclusion in
the September 1993 issue of this journal. Send to AWMA, POB 2861, Pittsburgh PA
"The Question of
Linkages in Environment and Development," N. Myers (Environ. Consultant,
Headington, Oxford OX3 8SZ, UK), BioScience,
43(5), 302-310, May 1993.
A revised version of a policy background paper prepared for the U.N.
Conference on Environment and Development. Examines the entire issue of the
dynamic linkages that exist among the various activities of society--scientific,
economic, political and others--and discusses examples from several spheres of
activity. Suggests approaches for addressing such linkages in a systematic
"Unfair Solution to
an Uncertain Problem: The Natural Evolution of Climate Change," I.A.H.
Ismail (OPEC, Obere Danaustr. 93, 1020 Vienna, Austria), OPEC Bull.,
24(4), 9-15, Apr. 1993.
A petroleum geologist sets the greenhouse effect in the context of natural
climatic variations, as a basis for arguing against fossil fuels as the culprit
that should receive the most attention. Discusses measures such as the EC
carbon/energy tax and their impacts on OPEC.
Environmental Action with Regard to Climatic Change," C. Jaeger (Swiss Fed.
Inst. Technol., ETH-Z, 8092 Zurich, Switz.), G. Dürrenberger et al., Clim.
Change, 23(3), 193-211, Mar. 1993.
Presents a theory-based empirical study of factors influencing the
probability that an individual will take environmental action relevant to
climate change. Compares three possible models for the process, finding one
based on socio-cultural variables to be superior, and discusses implications for
interdisciplinary cooperation and policy making.
"A Critical Analysis
of Climate Change Policy Research," D.S. Rothman (Dept. Agric. Econ.,
Cornell Univ., Ithaca NY 14853), D. Chapman,
Contemp. Policy Issues, XI(1), 88-98, Jan. 1993.
Shortcomings in present policy research include: myopic vision of available
options; overly anthropocentric cost/benefit assessments; inadequate treatment
of uncertainty and irreversibility; lack of recognition of differences in the
motives of developing and developed countries; poor presentation and
interpretation of results; and limited peer review.
Response to Climate Change: Role of Biological Emissions," T.E. Drennen
(address immed. above), D. Chapman, ibid.,
X(3), 49-58, July 1992.
Previous estimates of the contribution to climate change by enteric
fermentation in wild and domestic animals have ignored the associated biological
and chemical cycling that removes carbon from the atmosphere. This analysis
illustrates the importance of these processes, finding that reducing CO2
emissions from energy use in developed countries is economically preferable to
reducing net methane emissions from animal sources.
Two items from Bull.
Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74(5), May 1993:
"Flat Organizations for Earth Science," J.H. Ausubel (Rockefeller
Univ., New York, N.Y.), J.H. Steele, 809-814. Analyzes why major American
institutions figure less and less in the leadership and management of American
science, a trend especially evident in the earth and environmental sciences,
where global issues lead the agenda. Discusses resulting new risks and needs.
"Comments on "Global Warming: A Reduced Threat?," 855-857.
Concerns the possible offset of greenhouse warming by sulfur emissions.
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Index of Abbreviations