February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 5, MAY 1993
GENERAL INTEREST, POLICY AND LAW
from Environment, 35(3), Apr. 1993:
"European Perspectives on Global Climate Change," W.
Kempton (Ctr. Energy & Urban Pol. Res., Univ. Delaware,
Newark, Dela.), P.P. Craig, 16-20, 41-44. Explores why the
European countries have pushed much harder than the U.S. for
greenhouse gas control, by examining the views, motivations,
values and logic of each European government's environmental
policy community. Discusses results of interviews with national
elected and appointed officials, as well as with several
representatives of multinational corporations and other sectors,
for contrast. Typical European views, such as considering a range
of outcomes rather than the most common prediction and viewing
climate change as connected to many other environmental issues,
are generally not culturally specific. There is no fundamental
reason why they could not become part of the new U.S.
"Institutions: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis
Center," R.M. Cushman (CDIAC, U.S. Dept. Energy, Oak Ridge
Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge TN 37831), F.W. Stoss, 5, 45. Summarizes
activities of CDIAC, which obtains information concerning changes
in greenhouse gases and climate directly from many sources,
"adds value" through analysis and interpretation, and
makes it available to a wide range of users.
"When Law Makes Climate Change Worse: Rethinking the Law of
Baselines in Light of a Rising Sea Level," D.D. Caron
(School of Law, Univ. California, Berkeley CA 94720), Ecol.
Law Quart., 17(4), 621-653, 1990.
The international law of baselines, which determines the
12-mile territorial sea and other maritime zones, involves many
disciplines and interests but has been formulated on the
assumption that sea level is essentially constant. This article
examines how the present law will aggravate the consequences of
climate change if sea level changes, and considers possible
alternatives to the present law.
"Report on Reports: Automobile Fuel Economy: How Far
Should We Go?" S.E. Plotkin (Off. Technol. Assessment,
U.S. Congress), Environment, 35(3), 25-29, Apr.
Extensively reviews the April 1992 National Research Council
report (GCCD, p. 170, Oct. 1992). Concludes that it is a
well-written, usually closely reasoned, intelligent and generally
fair-minded addition to the debate on CAFE (corporate automobile
fuel efficiency) standards.
"Integrating Risk Analysis into Public Policymaking,"
J.F. Ahearne (Resour. for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington
DC 20036), Environment, 35(2), 16-20, 37-39, Mar.
Discusses the roles of government and the media, the costs and
cost-effectiveness of regulation, resource allocation, and
research needed on how to effectively communicate risk to the
"Dealing with Uncertainty: From Health Risk Assessment to
Environmental Decision Making," L.A. Cox (Cox Assoc., 503
Franklin St., Denver CO 80218), P.F. Ricci, J. Energy Eng.
(ASCE), 118(2), 77-94, Aug. 1992.
Characterizes types of uncertainty and discusses approaches
for dealing with them, providing statistical and mathematical
examples from human health risk assessment. Methods from applied
risk assessment provide some of the means to deal coherently with
decision making under uncertainty, but heuristics such as
scenarios are still useful.
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