February 28, 2007
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Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 5, MAY 1993
SEA LEVEL IMPACTS: POLICY, LAW AND SOCIETY
Level Trends and Physical Consequences: Applications to the
United States Shore," C.H. Fletcher (Dept. Geol., Univ.
Hawaii, Honolulu HI 96822), Earth Sci. Reviews, 33(2),
73-109, Nov. 1992.
This extensive review states projections of sea level rise by
various research groups but emphasizes the current lack of
understanding of the role of climate, among other influences, in
sea level change. Discusses impacts on ecosystems and human
structures along coasts, and federal responses to the possibility
of sea level change. Federal, state, local and private interests
in coastal zones should respond to the threat of sea level rise
and coastal erosion with innovative land management policies and
practices that encourage the establishment of coastal high-risk
zones and conversion of these lands to low-risk use.
"Coastal Erosion and Insurance," Nature, 359(6394),
356, Oct. 1, 1992. Two comments on a previous article by B.
Index to Assess South Africa Vulnerability to Sea Level
Rise," P. Hughes (Dept. Oceanog., Univ. Cape Town,
Rondebosch 7700, S. Africa), G.B. Brundrit, South African J.
Sci., 88(6), 308-311, June 1992.
Reviews a proposed coastal vulnerability index designed to
assess the impacts of sea level rise on the coastal environment
world-wide, and develops a new risk-analysis procedure on a
smaller scale using an economic hierarchy.
"Responding to Potential Impacts of Climate Change on United
States Coastal Biodiversity," W.V. Reid (World Resources
Inst., 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006), M.C. Trexler, Coastal
Mgmt., 20(2), 117-142, Apr.-June 1992.
Summarizes the extensive impact on biodiversity possible
through sea level rise. Concludes that global warming must be
slowed, and coastal zone policies established that allow adaptive
response to rising seas through shoreward movement of coastal
ecosystems as sea level changes.
Level Change: Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts,"
H.J. Walker (Dept. Geog., Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge LA
70803), GeoJournal, 26(4), 511-520, Apr. 1992.
An overview of the unique situation posed by the possibility
of rapid sea level rise over the next century, after several
thousand years of roughly stable conditions to which humans have
adapted. Although it seems prudent for nations to accelerate
planning for a potential rise, it will probably take one or more
disasters to trigger a concerted response.
"When Law Makes Climate Change Worse: Rethinking the Law of
Baselines in Light of a Rising Sea Level," D.D. Caron
(School of Law, Univ. California, Berkeley CA 94720), Ecol.
Law Quart., 17(4), 621-653, 1990.
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