February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1993
GENERAL INTEREST, POLICY AND LAW
"Global Climate Change and Sustainable Development," Air
& Waste, 43(9), 1202-1212, Sep. 1993.
Consists of four invited comments and prepared discussions
presented concurrently with the Critical Review Discussion Paper
on this topic at the June 1993 annual meeting of the Air and
Waste Management Association. (See Global Climate Change
Digest, p. 85, June 1993.) A reply by the review's authors,
Firor and Jacobsen, follows. Addresses climate change and
sustainable development as separate and related issues.
"Tackling Urban CO2 Emissions in Toronto,"
L.D.D. Harvey (Dept. Geog., Univ. Toronto, Toronto, Ont., Can.), Environment, 35(7),
16-20, 38-44, Sep. 1993.
Describes how the city of Toronto, Ontario (as one of 14 North
American and European city governments in the Urban CO2
Project), is setting policies that will make reducing CO2
emissions easier and less expensive.
"Environment and Economy: What's the Bottom Line?" R.H.
Bezdek (Mgmt. Info. Serv. Inc., Washington, D.C.), ibid.,
6-11, 25-32. A review of the theoretical, anecdotal and empirical
evidence that examines the facts and fallacies at the core of the
"Verification Issues in the Development of an Effective
Climate Change Convention," O. Green (Dept. Peace Studies,
Bradford Univ., U.K.), J.E. Salt, World Resour. Rev., 5(3),
271-285, Sep. 1993.
Arrangements for verifying greenhouse gas emissions must be
included in the climate convention process immediately. Properly
structured, an institution created for this task will instill a
feeling of confidence and transparency in the convention, both
necessary features for success, as evidenced by the ozone
"Decrease in the Growth Rates of Atmospheric
Chlorofluorocarbons 11 and 12," J.W. Elkins (CMDL, NOAA, 325
Broadway, Boulder CO 80303), T.M. Thompson et al., Nature, 364(6440),
780-783, Aug. 26, 1993.
Measurements spanning the past 15 years and latitudes ranging
from 83·N to 90·S show a decrease in the atmospheric growth
rates of CFCs 11 and 12, consistent with producer estimates of
reduced emissions. If growth rates of these two species continue
to follow predicted trends, levels will reach a maximum before
the turn of the century, then decline.
Change, 24(4), 383-386, Aug. 1993, contains discussion
between K. Kondratyev and J. Jäger on the latter author's
editorial concerning the Second World Climate Conference and the
role of science in formulating policy.
"Risk Communication in the Swedish Energy Sector," R.E.
Löfstedt (Ctr. Environ. Strategy, Univ. Surrey, Guildford,
Surrey GU2 5XH, UK), Energy Policy, 21(7), 768-772,
July 1993. Examines the effectiveness of risk communication in
the specific case of the imposition of a CO2 cap in
Sweden and its removal three years later.
"International Environmental Law: Contemporary Issues and
the Emergence of a New World Order," E.B. Weiss (Georgetown
Univ. Law Ctr., Washington, D.C.), Georgetown Univ. Law J., 81(3),
675-710, Mar. 1993.
Offers a detailed examination of international environmental
law over the past few decades, assesses the situation today, and
describes future trends. The last includes the joining of
environmental protection and economic development, the
formulation of nonbinding instruments or "soft law,"
the continued adoption of new approaches, and the involvement of
nongovernmental organizations heralded by the recent Earth
"From the International Geophysical Year to Global
Change," R.G. Fleagle (Dept. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Washington,
AK-40, Seattle WA 98195), Rev. Geophys., 30(4),
305-313, Nov. 1992.
Major scientific programs of the past 40 years have greatly
increased understanding of our global environment and have led to
the present concern over global change. Yet better procedures and
institutional structures for linking scientific understanding to
government policy are still required.
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Index of Abbreviations