February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1994
- GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
National Report on Climate Change, 144 pp., 1994, no charge.
Enquiry Ctr., Environ. Canada, Ottawa ON K1A 0H3 (tel:
819-997-2800; fax: 819-953-2225).
This comprehensive, initial assessment incorporates many of
the responses from non-governmental stakeholders solicited
through November 1993. Additional measures are needed if Canada
is to meet its climate change objectives: stabilizing greenhouse
gas emissions by the year 2000, and making progress toward
further reductions by the year 2005. Describes measures already
in progress designed (for instance) to increase energy efficiency
and enhance carbon sinks in forestry and agriculture. Discusses
adaptation to climate change, further actions needed, public
awareness and involvement, international cooperation.
Change Research and NASA's Earth Observing System, U.S. Off.
Technol. Assessment, Dec. 1993. Order document #052-003-01358-4
from U.S. Govt. Printing Off., POB 371954, Pittsburgh PA 15250
This background paper concludes that the U.S. Global Change
Research Program in its present form will not be able to provide
decision makers with the information they will need to respond to
climate change. The program should include comprehensive,
periodic assessments of scientific knowledge as well as findings
on the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of climate change.
Funding of large projects such as the satellite-based Earth
Observing System should not come at the expense of other,
possibly more cost-effective measurements. Discusses the impact
of fragmented funding by different subcommittees of Congress.
Environment Facility: The following are two new working
papers in a series dealing with the costs of measures taken by
developing countries under the climate and biodiversity
conventions (GCCD, Jan. 1994), available at no charge from
the GEF Administrator, Environ. Dept., World Bank, 1818 H St. NW,
Washington DC 20433 (tel: 202-473-1053; fax: 202-477-0551).
The Cost-Effectiveness of GEF Projects, (Working Paper
6), D. Anderson, R.H. Williams, 34 pp., Dec. 1993. Addresses such
issues as the costs of carbon emissions (or their reduction) and
implications for project appraisal; appropriate discount rates to
be used in comparing costs, considering intergenerational costs
as well as cost-effectiveness; estimates of the costs of
innovation; national vs. global benefits.
A Review of Country Case Studies on Climate Change
(Working Paper 7), J. Fuglestvedt et al. (Ctr. for Intl. Climate
& Energy Res., Oslo), 61 pp., Jan. 1994. Examines ways of
improving current approaches to country studies, drawing on
experience to date and stressing the importance of comparability.
Comparisons of ecological and economic efficiency are essential
in determining the eligibility of projects for GEF funding.
Environmental Change: Understanding the Human Dimensions,
P.C. Stern, O.R. Young, D. Druckman, Eds., 301 pp., 1992, $29.95.
Natl. Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington DC
20418 (800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313).
Presents the conclusions of a National Research Council
committee, representing geography, economics, law, anthropology,
sociology and psychology, that was charged with determining how
to better understand the causes of global environmental change
and the means of reducing it through institutional reform and
altered attitudes and behavior. Discusses needed research, and
improved coordination among social scientists. (Reviewed by T.
O'Riordan in Intl. Environ. Affairs, pp. 140-142, Spr.
following from ACEEE (Amer. Council for an Energy-Efficient
Economy), 2140 Shattuck Ave., S. 202, Berkeley CA 94704
Cost-Effective Carbon Dioxide Reduction Initiatives, H.
Geller et al., 29 pp., 1993, $6. Proposes 10 national
energy-efficiency initiatives and analyzes resulting savings in
energy and CO2 emissions. Some are included in the Clinton
Administration's Climate Change Action Plan.
Structuring an Energy Tax So That Energy Bills Do Not
Increase, H. Geller et al., 23 pp., 1993, $6. Shows that
energy bills could decline if about 15% of the revenues from a
broad-based energy tax are spent on efficiency programs.
following 1993 working papers are available from CSERGE (Ctr.
Social & Econ. Res. on the Global Environ.), Univ. E. Anglia,
Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK (tel: 0603/593176, ext. 2642; fax:
0603/250588). Most are £5 or $9:
Intergenerational Discounting: Public Choice and Empirical
Evidence for Hyperbolic Discount Rates, N. Henderson, I.
Bateman, 35 pp.
The Fourth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol:
Report and Reflection, I.H. Rowlands, 36 pp.
Heterogeneous International Environmental Agreements,
S. Barrett, 32 pp.
North-South Transfers, and the Capture of Global
Environmental Value, D. Pearce, C. Bann, 47 pp.
Global Warming Economics: Issues and State of the Art,
S. Fankhauser, 67 pp.
Interpreting the Precautionary Principle, T. O'Riordan
(£2 or $4).
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations