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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1994

PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS...

  • TEMPERATURE TRENDS

Item #d94jan37

"Optimal Fingerprints for the Detection of Time-Dependent Climate Change," K. Hasselmann (M. Planck Inst. Meteor., Bundesstr. 55, D-2000 Hamburg 13, Ger.), J. Clim., 6(10), 1957-1971, Oct. 1993.

Derives an optimal linear filter (fingerprint) for detection of a given time-dependent, multivariate climate change signal in the presence of natural climatic variability.


Item #d94jan38

Two items from J. Clim., 6(9), Sep. 1993:

"EOF Analysis of Surface Temperature Field in a Stochastic Climate Model," K.Y. Kim (ARC Technologies, 305 Arguello Dr., College Sta. TX 77840), G.R. North, 1681-1690. The natural variability of surface temperature in different frequency bands in the model is studied using theoretical orthogonal functions, a technique expected to be useful in estimation, prediction and detection studies.

"Nonstandard Thermometer Exposures at U.S. Cooperative Weather Stations During the Late Nineteenth Century," M. Chenoweth (Dept. Geog., Univ. Reading, White Knights, Reading, Berkshire, U.K.), 1787-1797. Based on a survey of exposure practices and other information, estimates a positive average annual temperature bias of 0.2-0.3ĚC for the years prior to the late 1890s.


Item #d94jan39

"Sensing Climate Change Using the Global Positioning System," L.L. Yuan (Stanford Univ., Stanford CA 94305), R.A. Anthes et al., J. Geophys. Res., 98(D8), 14,925-14,937, Aug. 20, 1993.

Demonstrates that trends in global atmospheric temperature and moisture could be monitored by monitoring the delay in the propagation of global positioning system radio signals between satellites and receivers.


Item #d94jan40

"Tropospheric Temperature Trends in the Arctic: 1958-1986," J.D.W. Kahl (Dept. Geosci., Univ. Wisconsin, POB 413, Milwaukee WI 53201), M.C. Serreze et al., ibid., 98(D7), 12,825-12,838, July 20, 1993.

Based on an extensive analysis of rawinsonde data, concludes that greenhouse-induced warming is not detectable in the Arctic for the 1958-1986 period.


Item #d94jan41

Two items from J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 71(3), June 1993:

"Trends and Interannual and Interdecadal Variations of Global Land Surface Air Temperature," T. Nitta (Ctr. Clim. Sys. Res., Univ. Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153, Japan), J. Yoshimura, 367-375. Data from eight sub-regions spanning 110 years were analyzed using spectrum analysis for dominant characteristics in various intervals of the record.

"Detection of Long-Term Trend, Cyclic Variation and Step-Like Change by the Lepage Test," T. Yonetani (Nat. Res. Inst. Earth Sci., Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan), 415-418. Statistical simulations show the Lepage test has potential for statistical climate change research.


Item #d94jan42

"'Greenhouse Cooling' of the Upper Atmosphere," R.G. Roble (High Altitude Observ., NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), Eos, pp. 92-93, Feb. 23, 1993.

A brief review stressing the need for measurements of the present structure of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, to permit the identification of possible future trends.

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