February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1994
- OF GENERAL INTEREST: POLICY AND ECONOMICS
Opinion on Climatic Change," W.D. Nordhaus (Dept. Econ., POB
1972 Yale Sta., New Haven CT 06529), Amer. Sci., 82(1),
45-51, Jan.-Feb. 1994.
Interviews with 19 experts who have thought deeply about the
topic show that the natural scientists as a group estimated
economic impacts up to 30 times greater than the estimates of the
social scientists. The quantitative and qualitative differences
among the participants are discussed in detail.
in Intl. Environ. Affairs, 5(4), Fall 1993:
"The GEF and the Conventions on Climate Change and
Biological Diversity," R. Mott (World Wildlife Fund, 1250
24th St. NW, Washington DC 20037), 299-312. The Global
Environmental Facility was proposed by developed countries in
1990 to handle financial transfers to developing countries, but
its role has been a continuing point of controversy. The GEF was
granted interim authority for financing under the biodiversity
and climate conventions, with the proviso that it institute
reforms designed to move it away from the World Bank and closer
to the U.N. system and the conferences of the parties to the two
"The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the
Montreal Protocol," A. Wood, 335-354. This detailed review
and evaluation concludes that, after a fitful beginning, the fund
seems poised to fulfill its goal of reducing worldwide emissions
of ozone depleting substances. But optimism must be tempered with
a realistic understanding of the institutional and administrative
difficulties that continue to plague the fund.
Policy Options in the Developing World," J. Bongaarts (Res.
Div., The Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Pl., New York
NY 10017), Science, 263(5148), 771-776, Feb. 11,
Reviews past approaches to population policy and assesses
alternatives available to governments of developing countries.
Such questions were discussed at the June 1992 Earth Summit, and
will be revisited at the U.N. International Conference on
Population and Development in Cairo next September. Past efforts
have emphasized family planning programs with partial success,
but other policy options are needed, such as reducing the demand
in the Design of Environmental Excise Taxes," T.A. Barthold
(Joint Committee on Taxation, U.S. Congress, Washington, D.C.), J.
Econ. Perspectives, 8(1), 133-151, Winter 1994.
Discusses general principles based in part on the excise tax
on ozone-depleting chemicals enacted by the U.S. Congress in
1989. Several factors not usually contemplated in the standard
textbook analysis of externalities affect the design of tax
policy as an instrument of environmental policy.
section: "Global Climate Change," J. Econ.
Perspectives, 7(4), Fall 1993 (Amer. Econ. Assoc.).
"Symposium on Global Climate Change," R. Schmalensee
(Dept. Econ. & Mgmt., Mass. Inst. Technol., Cambridge MA
02139), 3-10. Sketches some of the uncertainties and research
questions related to the economics of climate change: costs of
adaptation, and the costs and benefits of abatement and
"Reflections on the Economics of Climate Change,"
W.D. Nordhaus (Dept. Econ., Yale Univ., POB 1972 Yale Sta., New
Haven CT 06529), 11-25. Gives a non-technical introduction and
summarizes a study of efficient policies to slow global warming.
"Costs of Reducing Global Carbon Emissions," J.P.
Weyant (Dept. Energy-Econ. Systems, Stanford Univ., Stanford CA
94305), 27-46. Discusses key dimensions of any cost projection,
existing projections on various time horizons, what is known, and
"Global Warming Policy: A Public Finance
Perspective," J.M. Poterba (Dept. Econ., Mass. Inst.
Technol., Cambridge MA 02139), 47-63. Emphasizes the public
finance of carbon taxes at the national level, because prospects
for international action are bleak. Discusses policies suitable
for developing countries, such as the elimination of fossil fuel
subsidies and actions to slow deforestation.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations