February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1994
- UV MEASUREMENT AND TRENDS
Trends in Surface Irradiance at Ultraviolet Wavelengths,"
C.G. Justus (New Techol. Inc., Huntsville, Ala.), B.B. Murphey, J.
Geophys. Res., 99(D1), 1389-1394, Jan. 20, 1994.
Compares 1980-1984 measurements using a Robertson-Berger and
an Eppley instrument to clarify conflicting results about
temporal trends in surface UV irradiance. Discusses implications
of results for long-term monitoring.
for Large Upward Trends of Ultraviolet-B Radiation Linked to
Ozone Depletion," J.B. Kerr (Atmos. Environ. Serv., 4905
Dufferin St., Downsview ON M3H 5T4, Can.), C.T. McElroy, Science, 262(5136),
1032-1034, Nov. 12, 1993. (See GCCD, Dec. 1993, and
related news item, ibid., p. 16.)
Effective Dose of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Estimated by Spore
Dosimetry in Tokyo Since 1980," N. Munakata (Radiobiol.
Div., Natl. Cancer Ctr. Res. Inst., Chuoku, Tokyo 104, Japan), Photochem.
& Photobiol., 58(3), 386-392, Sep. 1993.
The 30% increase observed in the late 1980s may be due to
changes of solar activity, air pollution, or depletion of
Trends in Erythemal and Carcinogenic Ultraviolet Radiation at
Mid-Southern Latitudes 1989-1991," G.J. Smith (DSIR-Phys.
Sci., POB 31313, Lower Hutt, N.Z.), M.G. White, K.G. Ryan, ibid., 57(3),
513-517, Mar. 1993.
Short-term trends in New Zealand are attributed to a seasonal
cycle in ozone levels and changes in atmospheric aerosols.
Stratosphere as a Modulator of Ultraviolet Radiation into the
Biosphere," K. Stamnes (Inst. Geophys., Univ. Alaska,
Fairbanks AK 99775), Surveys Geophys., 14(2),
167-186, Mar. 1993. Reviews impacts of ozone depletion;
identifies research needs; recommends actions.
and Trend Detection Analysis of Broken Series of Solar UV-B
Data," X. Zheng (Natl. Inst. Water & Atmos. Res.,
Wellington, N.Z.), R.E. Basher, Theor. Appl. Clim., 47(4),
189-203, 1993. Monitoring in New Zealand suggests that UV-B
radiation increased by about 6% from 1981-1990.
of Solar UV Radiation on the Ground and Its Response to
Atmospheric Ozone Depletion," X. Xiaozhen (Inst. Atmos.
Phys., Chinese Acad. Sci., Beijing 100029, China), W. Gengchen, Chin.
J. Atmos. Sci., 17(4), 389-398, 1993. A 1%
stratospheric ozone loss will cause a UV-B increase of 1% in
winter and 0.6-0.7% in summer.
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