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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 5, MAY 1994

SPECIALIZED PAPER SUPPLEMENT... STRATOSPHERIC OZONE


Item #d94may195

Four items in J. Geophys. Res., 99(D4), Apr. 20, 1994:

"Effect of Lightning on the Concentration of Odd Nitrogen Species in the Lower Stratosphere: An Update," V.R. Kotamarthi (Atmos. & Environ. Res. Inc., 840 Memorial Dr., Cambridge MA 02139), M.K.W. Ko et al., 8167-8173.

"Observations of the Stratospheric BrO Column over Colorado, 40ĚN," K.H. Arpag (CIRES, Univ. Colorado, Boulder CO 80309), P.V. Johnston et al., 8175-8181.

"Heterogeneous Conversion of N2O5 to HNO3 in the Post-Mount Pinatubo Eruption Stratosphere," C.P. Rinsland (NASA-Langley, Hampton VA 23665), M.R. Gunson et al., 8213-8219.

"Ion Chemistry of ClONO2 Involving NO3- Core Ions: A Detection Scheme for ClONO2 in the Atmosphere," A.A. Viggiano (Geophys. Directorate, Hanscom Air Force Base MA 01731), R.A. Morris, J.M. Van Doren, 8221-8224.


Item #d94may196

"The Impact of Freezing of Sulfate Aerosols on the Formation of Polar Stratospheric Clouds," N. Larsen (Danish Meteor. Inst., Lyngbyvej 100, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Den.), Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(6), 425-428, Mar. 15, 1994.


Item #d94may197

Two items from ibid., 21(5), Mar. 1, 1994:

"Laboratory Simulation of Polar Stratospheric Clouds," R. Callaghan (Dept. Chem., Univ. Waterloo, Waterloo ON N2L 3G1, Can.), I.J. Lim et al., 373-376.

"A Statistical Seasonal Analysis of Winter Decreases in Ozone at Macquarie Island," P. Lehmann (Bur. Meteor., GPO Box 1289K, Melbourne 3001, Australia), 381-384.


Item #d94may198

Two items from ibid., 21(4), Feb. 15, 1994:

"Ozone Profiles at McMurdo Station, Antarctica During the Austral Spring of 1992," B.J. Johnson (Dept. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Wyoming, Laramie WY 82071), T. Deshler, W.R. Rozier, 269-272.

"Changes in the Character of Polar Stratospheric Clouds over Antarctica in 1992 Due to the Pinatubo Volcanic Aerosol," T. Deshler (addr. immed. above), B.J. Johnson, W.R. Rozier, 273-276.


Item #d94may199

"Evolution of Southern Hemisphere Spring Air Masses Observed by HALOE," R.B. Pierce (MS-401B, NASA-Langley, Hampton VA 23665), W.L. Grose et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(3), 213-216, Feb. 1, 1994.


Item #d94may200

"MIRIAM--A Space-Borne Sun Occultation Experiment for Atmospheric Trace Gas Spectroscopy," R. Furrer (Inst. Space Sci., Free Univ. Berlin, Fabeckstr. 69, 14195 Berlin, Ger.), H. Rubin et al., GeoJournal, 32(1), 17-27, Jan. 94.


Item #d94may201

Five items from Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(1), Jan. 1, 1994:

"HCl Solubility and Liquid Diffusion in Aqueous Sulfuric Acid Under Stratospheric Conditions," B.P. Luo (M. Planck Inst. Chem., POB 3060, 55020 Mainz, Ger.), S.L. Clegg et al., 49-52. HCl solubility in H2SO4 may promote chlorine activation.

"Balloon Profiles of Stratospheric NO2 and HNO3 for Testing the Heterogeneous Hydrolysis of N2O5 on Sulfate Aerosols," C.R. Webster (Jet Propulsion Lab., 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena CA 91109), R.D. May et al., 53-56.

"Multiwavelength Lidar Measurements of Stratospheric Aerosols Above Spitsbergen During Winter 1992/93," G. Beyerle (Wegener Inst. Polar & Mar. Res., Am Handelshafen 12, D-27570 Bremerhaven, Ger.), R. Neuber et al., 57-60.

"Volcanic Aerosol and Polar Stratospheric Clouds in the Winter 1992/93 North Polar Vortex," J.M. Rosen (Dept. Phys. & Astron., Univ. Wyoming, Laramie WY 82071), N.T. Kjome et al., 61-64.

"Ozone Loss in the Lower Stratosphere over the United States in 1992-1993: Evidence for Heterogeneous Chemistry on the Pinatubo Aerosol," D.J. Hofmann (CMDL, NOAA, 325 Broadway, Boulder CO 80303), S.J. Oltmans et al., 65-68.


Item #d94may202

Four items from ibid., 20(24), Dec. 23, 1993:

"MLS ClO Observations and Arctic Polar Vortex Temperatures," M.R. Schoeberl (NASA-Goddard, Greenbelt MD 20771), R.S. Stolarski et al., 2861-2864.

"Continuous Lidar Measurements of Stratospheric Aerosols and Ozone After the Pinatubo Eruption. Part I: DIAL Ozone Retrieval in Presence of Stratospheric Aerosol Layers," A. D'Altorio (Dip. Fis., Univ. Stud. L'Aquila, 67010 Coppito L'Aquila, Italy), F. Masci et al., 2865-2868.

"...Part II: Time Evolution of Ozone Profiles and of Aerosol Properties," A. D'Altorio (addr. immed. above), F. Masci et al., 2869-2872.

"Laboratory Evidence for a Possible Non-LTE Mechanism of Stratospheric Ozone Formation," C.A. Rogaski (Dept. Chem., Univ. Calif., Santa Barbara CA 93106), J.M. Price et al., 2885-2888.


Item #d94may203

Seven items from J. Geophys. Res., 98(D12), Dec. 20, 1993:

"Reaction of ClONO2 with HCl on NAT, NAD, and Frozen Sulfuric Acid and Hydrolysis of N2O5 and ClONO2 on Frozen Sulfuric Acid," D.R. Hanson (CMDL, NOAA, 325 Broadway, Boulder CO 80303), A.R. Ravishankara, 22,931-22,936.

"Temperature Dependence of the HNO3 UV Absorption Cross Sections," J.B. Burkholder (addr. immed. above), R.K. Talukdar et al., 22,937-22,948.

"Use of Stratospheric Aerosol Properties as Diagnostics of Antarctic Vortex Processes," L.W. Thomason (Atmos. Sci. Div., NASA-Langley, Hampton VA 23665), L.R. Poole, 23,003-23,012.

"Large-Scale Isentropic Mixing Properties of the Antarctic Polar Vortex from Analyzed Winds," K.P. Bowman (Clim. Sys. Res. Prog., Texas A&M Univ., College Sta. TX 77843), 23,013-23,027.

"Atmospheric NO3 Observations over Low-Latitude Northern Hemisphere During Night," M. Lal (Phys. Res. Lab., Ahmedabad 380 009, India), J.S. Sidhu et al., 23,029-23,037.

"Use of Fourier Transforms for Asynoptic Mapping: Applications to the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Microwave Limb Sounder," L.S. Elson (Jet Propulsion Lab., 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena CA 91109), L. Froidevaux, 23,039-23,049. Maps obtained by this process show evidence of both horizontal and vertical transport of trace species such as O3 and ClO.

"Effect of Marine Stratocumulus on TOMS Ozone," A.M. Thompson (NASA-Goddard, Greenbelt MD 20771), D.P. McNamara et al., 23,051-23,057.


Item #d94may204

"On the Diffusivity of Trace Gases Under Stratospheric Conditions," S. Ghosh (Ctr. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Cambridge, Lensfield Rd., Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK), J. Atmos. Chem., 17(4), 391-397, Nov. 1993. Estimated molecular diffusivity of 22 trace gases (including ClONO2, HNO3, SO2 and H2O2, which may lead to heterogeneous reactions on various surfaces), for improving scavenging estimates in models.


Item #d94may205

"The Importance of the Reactions Between OH and ClO for Stratospheric Ozone," R. Toumi (Ctr. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Cambridge, Lensfield Rd., Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK), S. Bekki, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(22), 2447-2450, Nov. 19, 1993.


Item #d94may206

Two items from J. Geophys. Res., 98(D7), July 20, 1993:

"A Model for Heterogeneous Chemical Processes on the Surfaces of Ice and Nitric Acid Trihydrate Particles," A. Tabazadeh (Dept. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Calif., Los Angeles CA 90024), R.P. Turco, 12,727-12,740.

"Simultaneous Ozone and Polar Stratospheric Cloud Observations at South Pole Station During Winter and Spring 1991," J.M. Rosen (Dept. Phys. & Astron., Univ. Wyoming, Laramie WY 82071), N.T. Kjome, S.J. Oltmans, 12,741-12,751.

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