February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBERS 11-12, NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 1994
REPORTS... GENERAL INTEREST & POLICY
Change in Asia, Aug. 1994. Consists of an Executive
Summary (121 pp.), a Thematic Overview (400 pp.), and
separate volumes for Pakistan (138 pp.), Indonesia (92 pp.),
India (172 pp.), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh (129 pp.), Malaysia (204
pp.), Viet Nam (103 pp.) and the Philippines (120 pp.). Request
copies from Office of the Environ., Asian Development Bank, POB
789, 1099 Manila, Philippines, or Climate Inst., 324 Fourth St.
NE, Washington DC 20002 (tel: 202-547-0104; fax: 202-547-0111). A
12-page summary appears in the July-August issue of the Climate
Institute bulletin Climate Alert.
Assesses impacts and adaptation options based on climate
scenarios generated for the years 2010 and 2070. Greenhouse gas
inventories were created for each country as a basis for
determining needed mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in this
rapidly developing region. Impacts center largely on the coastal
effects of sea level rise, and the influence on agriculture of
altered precipitation. However, the climate scenarios do not
include possible alteration of the El Niņo Southern Oscillation
or of tropical cyclones, both of which could have enormous
impacts. National strategies are developed for each country based
on the macroeconomic and social implications of climate change,
and regional cooperation is discussed.
The findings have undergone technical review in each country.
The main conclusion is that radical introduction of technological
innovation is needed to reduce emissions as economic growth in
the region continues to increase.
Action Report [U.S.], 200 pp., Oct. 1994. Available (no
charge) from Off. Global Change, U.S. Dept. State, Washington DC
Constitutes the first formal U.S. communication under the
Framework Convention on Climate Change. Describes the current
U.S. program; does not identify additional policies or measures
that might ultimately be taken by the U.S., and is not a revision
of the existing U.S. Climate Action Plan. Major sections
address national circumstances, greenhouse gas inventories,
mitigation strategies, impacts and adaptation, research and
public information, international activities, and future
'93: A Compendium of Data on Global Change (ORNL/CDIAC-65),
T.A. Boden, D.P. Kaiser et al., Eds., 1000 pp., Sep. 1994.
Available at no charge, in paper or electronic form, from the
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), POB 2008, Oak
Ridge TN 37831 (tel: 615-574-3645; fax: 615-574-2232).
Provides synopses of frequently-used historical and modern
data, emphasizing trace gases but including temperature,
precipitation and aerosol records. Includes updates, into 1994 in
some cases, of data that appeared in previous editions of Trends,
and new information on long-term regional precipitation,
atmospheric aerosols, and isotopic 14C measurements of CO2.
Details of collection, further documentation, and proper
citations are given for each set of data presented.
Review: An Assessment of New Developments Relevant to the Science
of Climate Change, 27 pp., 1994. Autumn 1994 issue of CO2/Climate
Report, published by Can. Clim. Ctr., Atmos. Environ.
Service, 4905 Dufferin St., Downsview ON M3H 5T4, Can.
Summarizes almost 400 technical papers that have appeared
during 1993, as an update to the latest IPCC assessments. Gives
reports from the World Bank: order from World Bank Book Store,
1818 H St. NW, Washington DC 20433 (202-473-2941), or designated
distributors in various countries.
Making Development Sustainable: The World Bank Group and
the Environment--Fiscal 1994, 270 pp., 1994. An annual report
on the environment, which details the continued rise in the
Bank's support of environmental protection through its lending of
$2.4 billion for environmental projects in fiscal year 1994. The
report is organized around a "four-fold agenda":
assisting countries in environmental stewardship; minimizing
adverse impacts of Bank-financed investments; building on the
positive synergies between development and the environment; and
addressing regional and global environmental challenges. Gives
details of projects funded through the Global Environmental
Facility (GEF) and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation
of the Montreal Protocol (MFMP).
A Progress Report on World Bank Global Environment
Operations--Aug.-Sep. 1994, 29 pp. (plus annex of projects),
1994. Published bimonthly, and available at no charge from the
Global Environ. Coordination Div. at the address above. Recent
meetings and events covered include Task Managers' Workshop on
GEF Global Warming Projects (Sep. 27-28), and an
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee meeting (Aug.) to prepare
for the first meeting of the Conference of Parties (Berlin, Mar.
1995). Other sections cover a GEF portfolio review, mobilizing
the private sector, biodiversity and the Bank.
Leadership and the Development of Problem-Solving Capacity in the
Global Greenhouse: Prospects of Germany, Japan and the United
States Towards the 21st Century (EED 1994-3), G. Fermann, 92
pp., Oct. 1994. Available from Fridtjof Nansen Inst., POB 326,
N-1324 Lysaker, Norway.
Intended to predict the leadership potential of these
countries for solving problems in the area of climate change, and
how this potential may be used in the years to come.
Traditionally Germany, Japan and the U.S. have stood out,
respectively, as the leader, the reluctant follower and the
laggard on the issue. Most recently, Germany has clearly adopted
the most ambitious abatement target, Japan the least ambitious,
and none have adopted a significant CO2 tax. Germany's and
Japan's most promising avenues for leadership involve the
national abatement target approach and international joint
implementation. The most promising contribution of the U.S. is
its intellectual leadership on the problem, but this leadership
is unlikely to extend to costly political action.
Warming and Climate Change, G. Morgan, T. Smuts, 1994.
Available from Granger Morgan, Dept. Eng. & Public Policy,
Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh PA 15213.
An eight-page brochure oriented toward the general public,
with three pull-out booklets of several pages each that expand on
the major questions: (1) What is climate change? (2) If climate
changes, what might happen? (3) What can be done about climate
change? The material was subjected to review and comment by a
number of experts and lay people, in an attempt to achieve
balanced and impartial treatment. Based in part on the authors'
research that involved interviewing citizens to determine common
misconceptions about this issue.
Niņo and Climate Prediction, J.M. Wallace, S. Vogel et al.,
24 pp., Spring 1994. Available from Univ. Corp. for Atmos. Res.,
POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307.
The latest in a series of "Reports to the Nation--Our
Changing Planet," written by experts to convey to the public
the latest understanding on complex topics. Colorfully
illustrated. Covers such topics as the interaction between the
sea and the winds, impacts on the food web, interannual climate
variations, and prediction of El Niņo and its global
Report of the Global Climate Change Task Force, Council of
State Governments/Eastern Regional Conference, 45 pp. (with
extensive appendices), Nov. 1994. Contact CSG/ERC, 5 World Trade
Ctr., S. 9241, New York NY 10048 (tel: 212-912-0128; fax:
The broad-based task force (from private, public and
scientific sectors) developed a comprehensive state strategy to
reduce greenhouse gas emisssions and adapt to climate change in
the northeastern U.S. Consists of 30 recommendations, many of
which are actions also suggested in the federal Climate Change
Action Plan. Recommendations address improving energy efficiency
in all private and public sectors, promoting public
transportation, encouraging telecommuting and flex-time,
promoting tree planting and use of non-fossil energy sources, and
encouraging methane collection from landfills and agricultural
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations