February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBERS 11-12, NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... ENERGY: ENERGY ANALYSES AND PROJECTIONS
Consumption in Hong Kong," J.C. Lam (Dept. Bldg. &
Constr., City Polytech. Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong), A.K.W.
Ng, Energy, 19(11), 1157-1164, Nov. 1994.
Reviews energy consumption and economic growth from 1979 to
1991. Calculates primary and final energy consumption for the
industrial, commercial, residential and transport sectors and for
export of electricity to China. Discusses issues relating to
energy conservation in buildings.
of Climate Change on Commercial Building Energy Demand,"
M.J. Scott (Pacific Northwest Lab., MS K8-15, POB 999, Richland
WA 99352), L.E. Wrench, D.L. Hadley, Energy Sources, 16(3),
317-332, July-Sep. 1994.
Most studies have employed aggregated utility models and have
found that a 1·C increase in global temperature would produce
about a 2% decrease in heating requirements, and comparable
increases in cooling requirements. The one significant exception
is a German study that used the DOE2 building energy model on a
prototype commercial building, and determined that the increase
in cooling requirements would be somewhat larger particularly in
more humid parts of the United States, an effect that can be
overcome through design.
Changes and Energy Consumption in the Japanese Economy 1975-85:
An Input-Output Analysis," X. Han, T.K. Lakshmanan (Ctr.
Energy & Environ. Studies, Boston Univ., 675 Commonwealth
Ave., Boston MA 02215), The Energy J., 15(3),
165-188, July 1994.
Model results suggest that changes in final demand structure
contribute more to reducing the energy intensity of the economy
than do changes in technology.
Use in Poland: An International Comparison," S. Meyers
(Energy & Environ. Div., Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA
94720), L. Schipper, J. Salay, Energy, 19(6),
601-617, June 1994.
Data for 1988 and 1991 show that Poland's comparatively high
energy intensities in manufacturing and residential space
heating, and the energy-intensive structure of manufacturing, are
the reasons that energy use per capita in Poland is not much
below Western European levels, despite Poland's much lower GDP
from Energy Policy, 22(6), June 1994:
"Divergences in Manufacturing Energy Consumption Between
the North and the South," S.-H. Park (Studies & Res.
Branch, U.N. Industrial Develop. Org., Vienna, Austria), W.C.
Labys, 455-469. An increase in industrial output in developed
countries has accompanied a decline in energy consumption, due to
a shift toward less energy-intensive high technology industries,
the emergence of the service sector, and the adoption of energy
"Energy Use and CO2 Emissions in the West and Central
African Region," A.O. Adegbulugbe (Ctr. Energy Res. &
Develop., Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife, Nigeria), G.A. Oladosu,
499-508. Currently energy consumption in the region is very low,
but a two-scenario analysis for the period 1985-2025 indicates
that energy requirements will grow rapidly. Calculates the
corresponding CO2 emissions.
Energy Use and Well Being--The Swedish Example After 20
Years," L. Schipper (Intl. Energy Studies, Lawrence Berkeley
Lab., 4000 Bldg. 90, Berkeley CA 94720), L. Price, Natural
Resour. Forum, 18(2), 125-142, May 1994.
Reviews the evolution of Swedish energy use to shed light on
the future, emphasizing the role of energy efficiency. Between
1973 and 1989, improvements in end-use energy efficiency saved 8%
of primary, and 24% of delivered energy use, yet Sweden had
achieved less savings than several other industrialized
countries. At the beginning of the 1990s Sweden had one of the
most energy intensive economic structures of the OECD, and now
faces many dilemmas that will influence future energy use.
Energy Resources: Applications and Consumption in China," F.
Zhen (Ctr. Rural Technol. Develop., State Sci. & Technol.
Comm, POB 199-2, Beijing 10036, China), Energy Sources, 16(2),
229-239, Apr.-June 1994.
Knowledge of rural energy resources (like firewood, manure,
small hydropower, small coal mines, solar energy and human and
animal power), and their applications and consumption is of great
importance to making policies and suggestions to develop the
rural economy, to raise farmers' living level, to improve the
ecology, and to modernize agriculture. Reviews these points and
government policies for rural energy development.
Consumption by Industrial Processes in the European Union,"
E. Worrell (Dept. Sci., Technol. and Society, Utrecht Univ.,
Padualaan 14, NL-3584 CH Utrecht, Neth.), R.F.A. Cuelenaere et
al., Energy, 19(11), 1113-1129, Nov. 1994.
the Energy Requirements of Household Purchases: A Practical
Step-by-Step Method," B.C.W. van Engelenburg (addr. immed.
above), T.F.M. van Rossum et al., Energy Policy, 22(8),
648-656, Aug. 1994.
Gross Energy-Requirement Figures for Materials Production,"
E. Worrell (addr. immed. above), R.J.J. van Heijningen et al., Energy, 19(6),
627-640, June 1994.
and Costs of Renewable Sources of Energy in the Federal Republic
of Germany," M. Kaltschmitt (Inst. Energy Econ., Univ.
Stuttgart, Hessbrühlstr. 49, POB 801140, D70565 Stuttgart,
Ger.), Energy Sources, 16(2), 185-193, Apr.-June,
items from Energy Econ., 16(2), Apr. 1994:
"Decomposition of Industrial Energy Consumption: Some
Methodological and Application Issues," B.W. Ang (Dept.
Industrial & Sys. Eng., Natl. Univ. Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge
Crescent, Singapore 0511), S.Y. Lee, 83-92.
"Sources of Change in Industrial Electricity Use in the
Taiwan Economy, 1976-86," C.-Y. Chen (Natl. Cheng Kung
Univ., Tainan, Taiwan 70101, Rep. China), R.-H. Wu, 115-120.
"The Impact of Measurement Error in the Data on Estimates
of the Agricultural Demand for Electricity in the USA," N.D.
Uri (Econ. Res. Serv., USDA, Washington DC 20250), 121-131.
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