February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBERS 11-12, NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS
items from World Resour. Rev., 6(3), Sep. 1994:
"Production of Greenhouse Gases in the Former Soviet
Union [FSU]," T.P. Kolchugina (Civil Eng. Dept., Oregon
State Univ., Corvallis OR 97331), T.S. Vinson, 291-303. During
the last several years, the FSU ranked fifth in net CO2
emissions, at 0.68 Pg C/yr. The forest sector was a net sink for
atmospheric carbon, offsetting about one-half of industrial CO2
emissions. Peatlands were a net source, considering the
utilization of peat.
"Propagation of Uncertainty in Carbon Emission Scenarios
Through the Global Carbon Cycle," A.A. Keller (Electric
Power Res. Inst., POB 10412, Palo Alto CA 94303), R.A. Goldstein,
304-315. Used the GLOCO model to evaluate rising atmospheric CO2
and partitioning of carbon to various compartments as a function
of time for several emission scenarios. Correlated the rate of
fossil fuel emissions with the partitioning coefficients. A
source of uncertainly is the future mix of energy sources, which
has both a carbon effect and a nitrogen fertilization effect.
"Greenhouse Gas Emission Impacts of Electric Vehicles
Under Varying Driving Cycles in Various Countries and U.S.
Cities," M.Q. Wang (Ctr. Transportation Res., Argonne Natl.
Lab., 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne IL 60439), W.W. Marr, 316-335.
Estimated that, relative to gasoline vehicles, electric vehicles
reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all six selected countries and
four U.S. cities.
Combined Thermochemical Processes for CO2 Mitigation in the Iron,
Cement, and Syngas Industries," A. Steinfeld (Lab. Energy
& Process Technol., Paul Scherrer Inst., 5232 Villigen-PSI,
Switz.), G. Thompson, Energy, 19(10), 1077-1081,
Thermodynamic analysis and experiments indicate that CO2
emissions can be reduced to zero in these industries.
Co-production of synthesis gas with iron or cement, and replacing
fossil fuels with solar energy as the source of process heat
would allow a 10% reduction in total global anthropogenic
of Emissions of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) 11, 12, 113, 114 and
115 Among Reporting and Non-Reporting Countries in 1986," A.
McCulloch (Environ. Dept., ICI Chem. & Polymers Ltd.,
Runcorn, UK), P.M. Midgley, D.A. Fisher, Atmos. Environ., 28(16),
2567-2582, Sep. 1994.
Estimated emissions for nations that have not reported
consumption data by using a relationship between gross domestic
product and total consumption of CFCs, a method with half the
uncertainties of the usual method. These estimates, combined with
national and U.N. data, showed that almost 75% of emissions come
from developed nations. The combined data set can be used as
input for global atmospheric modeling.
"Concentration and 13C Records of Atmospheric Methane in
New Zealand and Antarctica: Evidence for Changes in Methane
Sources," D.C. Lowe (Natl. Inst. Water & Atmos. Res.
Ltd., POB 31-311, Lower Hutt, New Zealand), C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer
et al., J. Geophys. Res., 99(D8), 16,913-16,925,
Aug. 20, 1994. (See GCCD, p. 3, Oct.)
Measurements of 13C show a persistent but highly variable
seasonal cycle. Modeling suggests that the decline of 13C at two
Antarctic locations probably resulted from a recent reduction in
biomass burning in the Southern Hemisphere, and lower release of
fossil methane in the Northern Hemisphere.
from Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, 19(8), Aug. 1994:
"Fossil Fuel and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
Technologies," M. Steinberg (Dept. Appl. Sci., Brookhaven
Natl. Lab., Upton NY 11973), 659-665. (See GCCD,
July 1994, for this paper and others on the topic by
Savolainen and Davidovits.)
"Possibilities on the Radiation-Induced Incorporation of
CO2 and CO into Organic Compounds," N. Getoff (Inst.
Theoret. Radiation Chem., Univ. Vienna, Währinger Str., A-1090
Vienna, Austria), 667-672. Aqueous CO2 and CO can be converted or
incorporated into simple organic compounds under the influence of
ionizing radiation or UV light. The use of CO2 and CO as raw
materials for chemical synthesis is explored.
"Turning Attention to Reservoir Surfaces, a
Neglected Area in Greenhouse Studies," C.A. Kelly (Dept.
Microbiol., Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg MB R3T 2N2, Can.), J.W.M.
Rudd et al., Eos, 75(29), 332-333, July 19, 1994.
Outlines research issues related to reservoirs as sources or
sinks of CO2 and methane, focusing on experiments in
Strategy to Reduce CO2 Emissions from Hydrocarbon-Fueled Power
Plants by Precombustion Reforming and Deep Ocean Discharge of
CO2," G.C. Nihous (Pacific Intl. Ctr. High Technol. Res.,
Honolulu HI 96822), Y. Mori et al., Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, 19(4),
387-394, Apr. 1994.
Calculations for a methane power plant, retrofitted with the
proposed system, indicate moderate power and cost penalties.
Assesses the impact of widespread implementation of the system,
and highlights the advantages of moderate hydrocarbon consumption
trends and high CO2 discharge fractions.
Emission Inventory for the Central European Initiative
1988," Z. Klimont, M. Amann et al., Atmos. Environ., 28(2),
of GHG Emissions in Egypt up to the Year 2020," Y. ElMahgary
(VTT Energy, Finland), A.I. Abdel-Fattah et al., World Resour.
Rev., 6(3), 350-368, Sep. 1994.
in the Calculation of Atmospheric Releases of
Chlorofluorocarbons," D.A. Fisher (DuPont Exper. Sta., POB
80320, Wilmington DE 19880), P.M. Midgley, J. Geophys. Res., 99(D8),
16,643-16,650, Aug. 20, 1994.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations