February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1994
NEWS... CLIMATE CONVENTION
is an update of developments on topics related to the U.N.
Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Geneva meeting: The 10th session of the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (Aug. 22-Sep. 2) was
dominated by discussion on the adequacy of present commitments to
reduce greenhouse gases under the convention. However, no actions
were taken on this topic nor on joint implementation. The next
INC meeting will be held in February in New York City. For
general accounts of the meeting see Intl. Environ. Rptr.,
pp. 719-720, Sep. 7 and pp. 691-692, Aug. 24; Global Environ.
Change Rep., pp. 1-3, Sep. 9.
Adequacy of commitments: Several parties came to the
meeting interested in strengthening the convention, which
currently sets a goal for industrialized countries to stabilize
emissions at 1990 levels by the year 2000, but does not address
emissions after that date. New commitments would be made by
passing a protocol to the existing framework convention.
Proposals for protocols were to be submitted by Sep. 28 in order
to be considered at the first Conference of Parties, scheduled
for Berlin next March. Germany proposed such a protocol at the
10th INC meeting in August, with support from some European
countries, the Alliance of Small Island States, and several
nongovernmental organizations, but with general opposition from
developing countries. The U.S. and the European Union were
"lukewarm" to the proposal (ibid., p. 1). For
discussion of the German proposal see the general references
cited above, and Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 785-786, Aug.
26; New Scientist, p. 7, Sep. 3.
Joint implementation: Joint implementation between two
countries of projects for reducing greenhouse gas levels has been
a contentious issue, but remained in the background at Geneva.
The latest issue of Climate Change Bulletin (published
quarterly by the Info. Unit on Clim. Change, UNEP, CP 356, 1219
Châtelaine, Switz.) contains articles discussing joint
implementation in relation to sustainable development,
North-South cooperation, and the contributions of businesses.
Extensive discussion also appears in Global Environ. Change
Rep. (pp. 1-3, Sep. 23) and Energy, Econ. & Clim.
Change (pp. 4-5, Sep.).
National plans: OECD countries that have ratified the
climate treaty were to submit for review by Sep. 21 national
action plans for meeting their commitments. Over the past few
months, several analyses have begun to question whether various
developed countries will be able to meet those commitments. This
topic has been discussed generally in Eos, pp. 377, Aug.
16 (a weekly of the American Geophysical Union), and elsewhere in
relation to certain individual countries, such as the U.S.
(Energy, Econ. & Clim. Change, pp. 7-9 and 10-11,
June; Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, Aug. 12), Japan
(Nature, p. 405, Aug. 11; Intl. Environ. Rptr., p.
667, Aug. 10; Global Environ. Change Rep., p. 3, Aug. 26),
the U.K. (Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 622, July 27),
and Austria (ibid., p. 704, Aug. 24).
Note: The Center for Environmental Information
(publisher of GCCD) has organized a conference in
Washington Nov. 30-Dec. 2, timed to evaluate national action
plans prior to the first Conference of Parties. (See Calendar.)
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations