February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 12, DECEMBER 1995
the enclosed ecological laboratory in the Arizona desert constructed by Texas
billionaire Ed Bass, announced a five-year agreement that will give Columbia
University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory control over the facility's
scientific and educational initiatives. Bass will provide operating expenses for
the five-year period, but the facility will move toward self-support from
research funding and educational and visitor programs. Researchers plan to study
how different ecosystems respond to changes in climate and CO2
level. (See Science, p. 1111, Nov. 17, 1995; New Scientist, p.
5, Nov. 18, 1995.)
bleaching spread in the western Caribbean as water temperatures exceeded 30°
C this summer. A National Science Foundation panel concluded in 1991 that global
warming was not the cause of bleaching observed in recent years, but coral reef
ecologist Peter Glynn says more data is needed before a role for climate change
can be dismissed. (See Science, p. 919, Nov. 10, 1995.)
The Japan National Oil Corporation is planning an $87 million feasibility
project which could result in the extraction of methane hydrates from beneath
the Sea of Japan by 1999. Success would mean a domestic energy source for Japan,
but the risks include the release of methane to the atmosphere. (See Scientific
American, pp. 36-37, Aug. 1995.)
"How Much Can We
Rely on Forests for Carbon Sequestration?"
Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, Nov. 23, 1995.
Synthesizes results of several recent studies of regional forest carbon
dynamics, and compares results to estimates for the Northern Hemisphere as a
whole indicating that temperate forests constitute a net annual terrestrial
carbon sink as high as 3.5-5.0 billion tons. Emphasizes a study of Canadian
forests by Kurz and Apps. The reliability of the forest sink for sequestering
carbon from the atmosphere is questioned.
for Climate Research," K. Kleiner, New Scientist, p. 5, Oct. 21,
1995. Republicans pushed a bill through the U.S. House of Representatives that
would sharply curtail climate change research. Critics say the Republicans are
ideologically opposed to all research into climate change.
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