February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1995
OF GENERAL INTEREST
"Storm Warnings: Climate Change Hits the Insurance
Industry," C. Flavin, World Watch, 10-20, Nov.-Dec.
Insurance companies believe that an unprecedented series of
hurricanes, floods and fires may be the first real effects of
human-induced climate change. These companies' responses could
pit them against the fossil fuel industry in the battle over
reducing carbon emissions.
Ultimate Preventive Medicine," E. Chivian, Technology
Review, 34-40, Nov.-Dec. 1994.
Physicians see global environmental change as ultimately a
matter of human health. In order to translate the complexities of
the change into practical human health terms, Physicians for
Social Responsibility and other medical organizations have
initiated educational activities on the relationship between
environmental and human health.
U.S. Climate Change Action Plan: Challenges and Prospects,"
J. Darmstadter, Resources, 19-23, Winter 1995 (Resources
for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington DC 20036).
Evaluation of the plan's prospects for success must
necessarily be speculative, but already several of its underlying
assumptions appear questionable. The plan's greatest contribution
might be to bring attention to the need for sustained measures to
address climate change and its attendant socioeconomic
issue: "Climate Change in the Developing World," Renewable
Energy for Development, 8 pp., Nov. 1994 (Stockholm Environ.
Inst., Box 2142, S-103 Stockholm, Swed.).
Consists of six articles on topics including joint
implementation; discussions on Africa, Brazil, and forests in
India; NGO preparation for the Berlin conference on the climate
issue: "Siberian Forests," Options, 19 pp.,
Winter 1994 (Intl. Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis, A-2361
Dwells on early results from IIASA's Siberian Forest Study,
and the extensive database created for it. These vast forests
contain half the amount of carbon stored in the Amazon
rainforests. Properly developed, they could serve as a
cornerstone of the Russian economy.
Climate Review, 20 pp., Fall 1994. (Dept. Environ. Sci.,
Univ. Virginia, Charlottesville VA 22903; P.J. Michaels, Ed.; no
charge.) A selection of articles follows.
"Climate Change Treaty: Betting on Uncertain
Science," 4-7. Nations signed the Framework Treaty on
Climate Change without knowing how to respond to it. They now
must decide between unreliable models and existing data.
"Reviewing the Consensus," 10-13. Two prominent
scientists review the draft IPCC report.
"Forging a Scientific Consensus: IPCC Uses 'Press
Release' Science," 19-20. Editorial on biased and erroneous
science reporting by the media.
Also includes "Agenda 21: It's Not Hidden," (pp.
8-9) on the potential effectiveness of Agenda 21, and
"Planet Watch," (pp. 16-18) on temperature monitoring.
"Temperature Histories in Perspective: The Relationship
Between Global and Local," 4-11. A comparison of local,
regional, national and global temperature histories, which are
often poorly connected.
"The Great Sulfate Debate: An Idea Whose Time Has
Gone?" 12-14. Recent findings cast doubt on sulfate aerosols
as compensation for greenhouse warming.
Nov. 1994. (Available from Sch. Environ. Sci., Univ. East Anglia,
Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK; no charge to developing countries.)
"Towards Joint Implementation," S. Granich, M.
Kelly, 1-3. Discusses this cost-effective means for one country
to meet its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by
supporting activities in another country.
"Supporting North-South Cooperation," J. Parikh 4-5.
Discusses priorities for action during the pilot phase of a joint
implementation strategy among northern (developed) and southern
"Ensuring Fair Play," I. Mintzer, 6-10. An interview
about performance criteria for joint implementation schemes.
"Health and Climate Change in Honduras," J.
Almendares, M. Sierra et al., 17-19. On direct and indirect human
health effects in this sensitive ecosystem.
"Decreasing Ozone Causes Health Concern--How Canada
Forecasts Ultraviolet-B Radiation," J.B. Kerr, ibid., Environ.
Sci. & Technol., 514A-518A, Nov. 1994. (See Global
Climate Change Digest, Nov.-Dec. 1994)
"Ozone Depletion: 20 Years After the Alarm," F.S.
Rowland, M.J. Molina, Chem. Eng. News, 8-13, Aug. 15,
1994. (See Global Climate Change Digest, Sep. 1994)
"Using Economic Incentives to Reduce Auto Pollution,"
W. Harrington, M.A. Walls, V.D. McConnell, Issues Sci.
Technol., 26-32, Winter 1994-1995.
New standards to reduce ambient ozone levels are being
implemented in spite of scientific uncertainties about their
cost, effectiveness and benefits, and the relationship between
emissions and ambient ozone.
"Head-On Collision over Transport," M. Hamer, New
Scientist, 14-15, Nov. 12, 1994.
Britain's Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution
criticizes the Department of Transport's focus on road building
and lack of an environmentally sound transport policy.
"United Nations Environment Programme," P.M. Haas, Environment, 36(7),
43-45, Sep. 1994.
Traces the history and activities of UNEP, and suggests that,
in the aftermath of the U.N. Conference on Environment and
Development, it is likely to undergo systemwide institutional
reforms and redesign of its responsibilities.
Rational View on Stratospheric Ozone: The Unheard
Arguments," H.W. Ellsaesser, 21st Century Science &
Technology, 7(3), 37-45, Fall 1994 (21st Century Sci.
Assoc., POB 16285, Washington DC 20041).
Counters the prevailing view of ozone depletion, citing
several examples of unfounded assumptions and inconsistencies in
scientific reports. For instance, they ignore the benefits of UV
exposure and the large natural latitudinal and long-term
variations in ozone, and the lack of predicted consequences due
to ozone thinning.
Your Science Ecologically Correct?" J. Adler, Coal Voice,
22-27, Summer 1994 (Natl. Coal Assoc., 1130 17th St. NW,
Washington DC 20036).
The pressure to be ecologically correct is a type of
"political correctness" many scientists must contend
with, especially on topics such as climate change. Discusses this
topic, referring to a recent ABC Nightline television
broadcast that examined scientists critical of prevailing climate
change views, the Soviet experience with science control, and
parallels with the McCarthy era of anti-communism.
Much Does Global Warming Matter?" W. Beckerman, J. Malkin, The
Public Interest, 3-16, Winter 1994 (Natl. Affairs Inc., 1112
16th St. NW, S. 530, Washington DC 20036).
Global warming may be a problem, but it is no cause for undue
alarm or drastic action. The topic is much more glamorous and
telegenic than the need for better toilets and drains in the
Third World, but if we truly care about our fellow world
citizens, it is these kinds of environmental issues we must focus
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations