February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1995
GENERAL INTEREST & POLICY
Report (see NEWS-CLIMATE CONVENTION).
Forcing of Climate Change-The 1994 Report of the Scientific
Assessment Working Group of IPCC, IPCC Scientific Assessment
Working Group, Dec. 1994. (See NEWS-CLIMATE CONVENTION.) Summary
for Policymakers (28 pp.) available in the U.S. from Richard
Moss, IPCC WG II Tech. Support Unit, 300 D St., SW, S. 840,
Washington DC 20024 (tel: 202-651-8262; fax: 202-554-6715).
New findings add to the detail of knowledge expressed in the
1992 IPCC scientific assessment, but do not change essential
results concerning radiative forcing of climate. Gives revised
values of global warming potentials, particularly for methane. A
range of carbon cycle models indicate that stabilization of CO2
levels between today's concentration and twice that can be
obtained only if anthropogenic emissions drop substantially below
1990 levels. Reviews improved estimates of the carbon budget, and
of forcing by aerosols, which tends to offset greenhouse warming.
reports from OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development) Pubs., 2001 L St. NW, S-700, Washington DC 20036
(202-785-6323); or OECD, 2, rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex
16, France (tel: 33-1-45-24-82-00); or other OECD outlets.
Biofuels: Are They an Answer?, Intl. Energy Agency,
Dec. 1994. The first publication from the Energy and Environment
Policy Analysis Series. Looks at the costs, energy use and
greenhouse gas emissions involved in producing and using
biofuels. When the full fuel cycle is considered, biofuels can
help reduce the use of petroleum products and greenhouse gas
emissions, although their costs are high.
Reducing Environmental Pollution: Looking Back, Thinking
Ahead, 48 pp., 1994, $9/DM16/FF50. Includes mechanisms some
governments are using to stimulate basic changes in environmental
and economic policies, to set the stage for further progress.
discussion papers ($6 each) from RFF (Resources for the Future),
External Affairs, 1616 P St. NW, Washington DC 20036
Integrated Economic and Ecological Modeling for Public
Policy Decision Making, H. Dowlatabadi, L.H. Goulder, R.J.
Environmental Regulation and Technology Diffusion: The
Effects of Alternative Policy Instruments, A.B. Jaffe, R.N.
Cost-Benefit Analysis and International Environmental
Policy Decision Making: Problems of Income Disparity, D.
Burtraw, R.J. Kopp, 1994.
recent conference papers from ABARE (Australian Bur. Agric. &
Resour. Econ.), CPM, GPO Box 1563, Canberra 2601, Australia (tel:
06 272 2211; fax: 06 273 2588). One paper costs AUS$6; each
thereafter costs AUS$4.
Trade and Welfare Effects of Policies to Address Climate
Change. Two reports (Code 24 and Code 28) with the
Optimal Greenhouse Policy in a Multicountry World of
Growing Economies (Code 29).
Task Force on the Environment: The Politics and Ethics of Global
Environmental Leadership, J. Butler, 28 pp., 1994. Available
from Carnegie Council on Ethics & Intl. Affairs, 170 E. 64th
St., New York NY 10021.
From the second seminar of the Task Force (Oct. 14-16, 1992,
Tokyo). Delegates from both countries and observers of the U.N.
Conference on Environment and Development explored ethical
concerns underlying the meeting at Rio. Emphasizes the critical
need for ethics as the only logical means for making decisions
about environmental dilemmas that extend beyond national
the 21st Century: Planning for the Protection of California's
Environment, Comparative Risk Prog., Calif. Environ. Protect.
Agency, 600 pp., 1994.
Summarizes current scientific thinking on dozens of
environmental hazards, detailing the potential risks of each, and
ranking risks according to their effects on human health,
ecosystem health, and social welfare. Reviewed by R. Stone in Science,
p. 214, Oct. 14, 1994, who notes that the consensus on risk
breaks down in the report's social welfare category. For example,
even though increasing levels of greenhouse gases may pose only
modest health or ecological effects, they are deemed high-risk
hazards because of their potential harm in such areas as
"mental health, trust of governing institutions, access to
reliable information, personal security, and personal
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations