February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1995
"Solar Ultraviolet Radiation and Total Ozone, as Derived
from Satellite and Ground-Based Instrumentation," C.
Varotsos (Dept. Appl. Phys., Univ. Athens, 33 Ippokratous Str.,
106 80 Athens, Greece), Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(17),
1787-1790, Aug. 15, 1994.
Total ozone reductions of 2.5% in summer and 7% in winter in
the last decade caused an increase in erythemally active UV-B
irradiance of 5% and 14% respectively.
on UV-B and ozone observations, Science, 265(5173),
722, Aug. 5, 1994.
"Erythemal UV-B Irradiance (Robertson-Berger Sunburn Meter
Data) Under Ozone Deficiencies in Winter/Spring 1993," M.
Blumthaler (Inst. Med. Phys., Univ. Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck,
Austria), W. Ambach et al., Photochem. & Photobiol., 59(6),
657-659, June 1994.
Cumulative UV-B exposure of the ecosystem is within the
general range of variability even under the record low ozone
values in winter-spring 1993; single peak doses were enhanced
"UV-B in Germany Higher in 1993 Than in 1992," G.
Seckmeyer (Fraunhofer Inst. Atmos. Umweltforsch.,
Kreuzeckbahnstr. 19, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Ger.), B.
Mayer et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(7), 577-580,
Apr. 1, 1994.
Monthly averaged total ozone columns in 1993 were the lowest
recorded in southern Germany. Data demonstrate the impact of
clouds and aerosols which must be considered along with
stratospheric ozone change when interpreting changes in UV-B
"Empirical Studies of Tropospheric Transmission in the
Ultraviolet: Broadband Measurements," J.E. Frederick (Dept.
Geophys. Sci., Univ. Chicago, 5734 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago IL
60637), A.E. Koob et al., J. Appl. Meteor., 32(12),
1883-1892, Dec. 1993.
Measurements in urban surroundings demonstrate that low-level
gaseous air pollution has a detectable effect on ultraviolet
radiation reaching the ground.
"Photodegradation of Sulfamethoxazole: A Chemical System
Capable of Monitoring Seasonal Changes in UVB Intensity,"
D.E. Moore (Dept. Pharm., Univ. Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia), Photochem.
& Photobiol., 59(5), 497-502, May 1994.
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Index of Abbreviations