February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1995
burial of CO2 is planned for 1996 by the Norwegian
state oil company Statoil. Each year about a million tons of
compressed CO2, a by-product of natural gas
production, will be injected into porous rocks in a North Sea gas
field instead of being released to the atmosphere, the usual
practice. (See New Scientist, pp. 8-9, Nov. 5 1994; Global
Environ. Change Rep., pp. 6-7, Dec. 9.)
Institute: Established by 11 countries in 1993, the
Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research will promote
sound scientific research on topics including impacts of climate
change on biodiversity, interannual climate variability, and high
latitude processes. Relevance to regionally defined global change
issues, education and training, and international cooperation are
among the founding principles. Institute research centers will be
located throughout the Americas. A search is underway for
director, who will work at the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas
Espaciais (INPE) in Brazil. For further information on the
position see Eos, p. 616, Dec. 27 1994, or contact Vanessa
Richardson, Natl. Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., S. 705,
Arlington VA 22230.
Environmental Management, a new society based in Austria, is
chaired by Bo R. Döös, formerly deputy director of the
International Institute for Applied Systems Research (IIASA), and
a member of the Global Climate Change Digest editorial
board since its inception in July of 1988. The society is
concerned with such topics as future environmental degradation
and its effect on food supply, the risk of large-scale
migrations, and environmental policy. (See Döös articles in Ambio, Global
Climate Change Digest, p. 3, May 1994, and Global Environ.
Change, Global Climate Change Digest, p. 2, Nov.-Dec.
1994). His address is Jordangasse 7/13, A-1010 Vienna, Austria.
voluntary guidelines: The U.S Department of Energy has issued
final guidelines for voluntary reporting of greenhouse gas
emissions under the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The guidelines are
intended for use by utilities and other participants in voluntary
federal programs for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Contact
Jean Vernet, Off. Global Environ. (PO-63), U.S. DOE, Washington
DC 20585 (202-586-4755).
vehicle program: A panel of the National Academy of
Engineering has strongly criticized the planning and management
of the Clinton administration's Partnership for a New Generation
of Vehicles. The program was set up a year ago between major U.S.
auto manufacturers and government agencies to develop more
fuel-efficient cars. (See Nature, p. 121, Nov. 10 1994)
"Republicans Gain Control of US Congress: What Impact Will
They Have on Climate and Energy Policy?" Global Environ.
Change Rep., pp. 1-2, Nov. 25. Feature article based on
discussions with representatives of various sectors. Expectations
are mixed, but it seems likely that foreign aid programs
(including the Global Environment Facility) will suffer.
"MITI Ecoprojects Target the Desert-And the Home
Front," D. Normile, Science, p. 1188, Nov. 18.
Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) is
spending $48 million over the next ten years to find plants that
thrive in desert conditions, as a way of "greening the
deserts" to increase the uptake of CO2. It is no
accident that the work should appeal to the countries of the arid
Middle East, on which Japan's economy depends.
"Insurance Company to Back Out of Some Climate-Linked
Risks," A. Abbott, Nature, pp. 212-213, Nov. 17.
Insurance companies are becoming concerned that global warming
may be responsible for a recent sharp increase in claims from
natural disasters, which have resulted in several bankruptcies in
the industry. Discusses a recent report commissioned by
Greenpeace on the impact of climate change on capital markets.
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Index of Abbreviations