February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1995
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: HEALTH, POLICY AND ECONOMICS
Also see papers in GEN. INTEREST/IMPACTS, this issue--June 1995
Analysis of Potential Impacts of Climate Change in Egypt," S.C. Onyeji, G.
Fischer, Global Environ. Change, 4(4), 281-299, 1994.
Simulations predict adverse impacts on crop yields, and that major high-cost
changes in agricultural systems and practices may mitigate these impacts.
Health Impacts of a Global Warming," M.C. Nichols (Dept. Geog., Univ.
Delaware, Newark DE 19716), L.S. Kalkstein, S. Cheng, World Resour. Rev.,
7(1), 77-103, Mar. 1995.
Applied regression and synoptic climatological analysis to the U.S., Canada,
China and Egypt, representing developed and developing countries which may be
particularly susceptible to global warming and for which detailed mortality data
bases were available. Significant increases in heat-related mortality are
likely, particularly in developing countries. Certain vector-borne diseases are
expected to spread into areas where they do not currently exist. Two of them
(onchocerciasis and malaria) have been selected for a detailed international
study, the initial phases of which are described. Recommends actions to be taken
in anticipation of possible global warming, including developing a
weather/health watch/warning system; improvements in public health procedures,
vector control and surveillance; and study of additional infectious diseases.
and Forced Climate Change: Extreme Temperature Exposure and Infectious Disease,"
R.L. Hayes (Coll. Medicine, Howard Univ., Washington DC 20059), S.T. Hussain,
World Resour. Rev., 7(1), 63-76, Mar. 1995.
Analyzed the incidence of selected infectious diseases (whooping cough,
typhoid fever, tuberculosis, Lyme disease and malaria) along with climatological
data for the year 1895 and for the summer of 1993. Exposure to extreme increased
temperature may alter the incidence of certain infectious diseases. Efforts to
stabilize climate change may promote public health and reduce the cost of
critical care. The threat of climate change should be considered in a national
health security plan.
Public Health Effects of Global Warming: New and Ongoing International Efforts,"
J. Patz (Div. Environ. Medicine, John Hopkins Sch. Hygiene & Public Health,
615 N. Wolfe St., Rm. 7041, Baltimore MD 21205), World Resour. Rev.,
7(1), 104-112, Mar. 1995.
Discusses the institutional organizations already in place that have begun
to assemble the climate research and monitoring programs necessary to assess and
possibly mitigate health impacts. The World Health Organization is sponsoring
CLIMEDAT, a new database designed to provide a network for international
scientists addressing health-related issues.
Climatic Change on Renewable Energy in Sweden," L. Lundahl (Dept. Environ.
Syst. Studies, Univ. Lund, Gerdagatan 13, S-223 62 Lund, Swed.), Ambio,
24(1), 28-32, Feb. 1995.
Argues for further utilization of renewable resources in Sweden; climate
change scenarios indicate that hydropower and biomass potentials would increase
Regional Goals and Policy Concerns Associated with Global Climate Change,"
Y. Yin (Atmos. Environ. Serv., 4905 Dufferin St., Downsview ON M3H 5T4, Can.),
S.J. Cohen, Global Environ. Change, 4(3), 246-260, Sep. 1994.
Uses analytic hierarchy process and goal programming to systematically build
a bridge between science and policy in a regional climate change impact study,
and applies it to Canada's Mackenzie Basin.
Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An Expected Value Approach," S.
Fankhauser (CSERGE, Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK), The Energy J.,
15(2), 157-184, Apr. 1994.
The stochastic greenhouse damage model used, in which the key parameters are
random, permits a closer representation of current scientific understanding and
enables calculation of a damage probability distribution. It projects costs of
$20 per ton of carbon emitted between 1991 and 2000, rising to $28 in 2021-2030,
with similar costs for emissions of methane and nitrous oxide. The distribution
is positively skewed, showing that the predominant method of using best-guess
values will underestimate costs.
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