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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 5, MAY 1995

REPORTS...
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY


Item #d95may71

Environmental Indicators for Global Cooperation (Working Paper 11), E. Rodenburg, D. Tunstall, F. van Bolhuis, 36 pp., 1995 (GEF/World Bank).

In response to recognition of the transboundary nature of environmental and natural resource problems, several global initiatives or organizational structures such as the GEF have been launched. When the GEF was restructured in 1994, a 32-member Council (14 from developed countries, and 16 from developing countries) were to represent the member countries. This paper originated in the search for a basis for forming new country groupings, that included broader measures than the usual economic and political factors. Two environmental factors are a country's contribution to global pollution, and the global environmental benefits derived from its natural areas and biodiversity.


Item #d95may72

From Idea to Reality: The Creation of the Global Environment Facility (Working Paper 10), H. Sjöberg, 35 pp., 1994 (GEF/World Bank).

Documents the process, including the early history, that led to the pilot phase of the GEF, and places it in the broader context of the debate on environmental finance.


Item #d95may73

Global Environment Facility: Independent Evaluation of the Pilot Phase, 216 pp., May 1994, $11.95 (World Bank).

Provides a profile of the GEF, discusses its policy framework, and reviews project development procedures and the strategies and projects in its focus areas. Concludes that fundamental changes must occur, such as articulating more clearly the GEF's mandate; addressing deficiencies in meeting its global focus; and increasing NGO, country, and community participation.


Item #d95may74

Facing the Global Environment Challenge: A Progress Report on World Bank Global Environment Operations, January-February 1995, Global Environ. Coordination Div. 31 pp. plus tables, 1995 (World Bank).

Among the activities at its third meeting, the GEF Council approved the proposed work program on climate change and biodiversity. Gives brief "portfolio reviews" of climate change or ozone protection projects, such as the World Bank Solar Initiative, greenhouse gas mitigation projects in Ukraine, and ozone protection in Venezuela. Under consideration is a photovoltaic technology incentive program to develop and commercialize photovoltaic technology, such as high-efficiency, CFC-free refrigerators.


Item #d95may75

October-December 1994, Global Environ. Coordination Div., 32 pp., plus appendices, 1994, (World Bank).

Reports on the GEF Council's second meeting, at which approximate funding allocations were made for phasing out ozone depleting substances in Eastern Europe; enabling activities in climate change, such as national strategies; and investment in climate change projects in the areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency. Reviews projects dealing with greenhouse gas mitigation in China, and ozone protection in India. Describes a new analytical tool, Global Overlay, to integrate global environmental externalities into the World Bank's economic and sector work (such as agriculture, energy, transport and forestry).

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