February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 5, MAY 1995
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
Indicators for Global Cooperation (Working Paper 11), E. Rodenburg, D.
Tunstall, F. van Bolhuis, 36 pp., 1995 (GEF/World Bank).
In response to recognition of the transboundary nature of environmental and
natural resource problems, several global initiatives or organizational
structures such as the GEF have been launched. When the GEF was restructured in
1994, a 32-member Council (14 from developed countries, and 16 from developing
countries) were to represent the member countries. This paper originated in the
search for a basis for forming new country groupings, that included broader
measures than the usual economic and political factors. Two environmental
factors are a country's contribution to global pollution, and the global
environmental benefits derived from its natural areas and biodiversity.
From Idea to
Reality: The Creation of the Global Environment Facility (Working Paper 10),
H. Sjöberg, 35 pp., 1994 (GEF/World Bank).
Documents the process, including the early history, that led to the pilot
phase of the GEF, and places it in the broader context of the debate on
Facility: Independent Evaluation of the Pilot Phase, 216 pp., May 1994,
$11.95 (World Bank).
Provides a profile of the GEF, discusses its policy framework, and reviews
project development procedures and the strategies and projects in its focus
areas. Concludes that fundamental changes must occur, such as articulating more
clearly the GEF's mandate; addressing deficiencies in meeting its global focus;
and increasing NGO, country, and community participation.
Facing the Global
Environment Challenge: A Progress Report on World Bank Global Environment
Operations, January-February 1995, Global Environ. Coordination Div. 31 pp.
plus tables, 1995 (World Bank).
Among the activities at its third meeting, the GEF Council approved the
proposed work program on climate change and biodiversity. Gives brief "portfolio
reviews" of climate change or ozone protection projects, such as the World
Bank Solar Initiative, greenhouse gas mitigation projects in Ukraine, and ozone
protection in Venezuela. Under consideration is a photovoltaic technology
incentive program to develop and commercialize photovoltaic technology, such as
high-efficiency, CFC-free refrigerators.
October-December 1994, Global Environ. Coordination Div., 32 pp., plus
appendices, 1994, (World Bank).
Reports on the GEF Council's second meeting, at which approximate funding
allocations were made for phasing out ozone depleting substances in Eastern
Europe; enabling activities in climate change, such as national strategies; and
investment in climate change projects in the areas of renewable energy and
energy efficiency. Reviews projects dealing with greenhouse gas mitigation in
China, and ozone protection in India. Describes a new analytical tool, Global
Overlay, to integrate global environmental externalities into the World
Bank's economic and sector work (such as agriculture, energy, transport and
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations