February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1995
A turning point for model predictions is the way climatologist Tom
Wigley describes recent results from Britain's Hadley Center climate model,
which incorporates the effects of sulfate aerosols as well as greenhouse gases.
(See Wigley comment in Nature, pp. 463-464, Aug. 10, 1995, and paper by
Mitchell et al. on p. 501 of that issue, listed here (Sep. 1995 issue) in Prof.
Pubs./Gen. Interest/Clouds and Aerosols.) The model results, which were first
announced at the Berlin climate treaty meeting last spring (GLOBAL CLIMATE
CHANGE DIGEST, p. 13, May, 1995), provide the most accurate simulation yet
of observed global mean temperature trends.
New publications: The premier issues of Global Change and
World Climate Report are now in print. Global Change is
available bimonthly at no charge from the University of Maryland's Center for
Global Change; there is also an electronic edition on the World Wide Web. World
Climate Report is published twice monthly for $75 a year from Western Fuels
Association. (See Global Climate Change Digest, p. 13, June 1995, for
New national center: The National Science Foundation has selected
the University of California at Santa Barbara as the home of the new National
Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. It will act as a clearinghouse for
the dissemination of ecological data and give theorists, naturalists and
experimentalists a common place to study the implications of global
environmental change. (See Science, p. 1439, June 9, 1995.)
"National Laboratories Enter New Era of Hope Mixed with Uncertainty,"
W. Lepkowski, Chem. Eng. News, pp. 19-25, Aug. 14, 1995. A lengthy
analysis of the funding cuts and restructuring faced by Argonne National
Laboratory and eight other U.S. Department of Energy facilities.
"Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program Scaled Back,"
L.R. Ember, ibid., pp. 18-23. A feature article that discusses how the
U.S. EPA is striving to put its program to study environmental status and trends
on a more solid scientific footing, in response to outside criticism by science
advisors and the National Research Council, and to budgetary realities. A
revised program is undergoing interagency review.
"Utility Restructuring Threatens DSM and Renewable Programs,"
Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, June 23, 1995. The move toward
greater competition in the electric utility industry, first proposed in the
Energy Policy Act of 1992, is reducing the incentives for utilities to fund
demand-side management (DSM) or energy efficiency programs, or to utilize
renewable energy sources. This analysis discusses approaches needed in the
future that would be more suited to the new competitive environment. Utility
investment for CO2 reduction projects may be hardest hit becasue they lack a
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